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SENSEX NIFTY India | Notes to Account > Castings & Forgings > Notes to Account from AIA Engineering - BSE: 532683, NSE: AIAENG

AIA Engineering

BSE: 532683|NSE: AIAENG|ISIN: INE212H01026|SECTOR: Castings & Forgings
Nov 22, 16:00
1.15 (0.07%)
Nov 22, 15:48
3.3 (0.2%)
VOLUME 10,024
Mar 18
Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '19


AIA Engineering Ltd. (the’ Company’) is a public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its equity shares are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (‘BSE’) and National Stock Exchange (‘NSE’) in India. The registered office of the Company is located at 115, G.V.M.M. Estate, Odhav road, Odhav, Ahmedabad - 382410, Gujarat, India.

The Company is primarily involved in the manufacturing of High Chrome Mill Internals.


2.1 Statement of compliance

The standalone Ind AS financial statements of the Company comprises, the standalone balance sheet as at 31 March 2019, the standalone statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), standalone statement of changes in equity and standalone statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements, including a summary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information (herein referred to as “standalone financial statements”). These standalone financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (‘Ind AS’) as per the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 notified under Section 133 of Companies Act, 2013, (the Act’)and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The standalone financial statements are approved for issue by the Audit Committee and Board of Directors at their meetings held on 27 May 2019.

Details of the Company’s accounting policies are included in Note 3 of the standalone financial statements.

2.2 Basis of measurement

The standalone financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for the following items:

2.3 Use of estimates and judgments

In preparing these standalone financial statements, management has made judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised prospectively.


Information about judgments made in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effects on the amounts recognised in the standalone financial statements is included in the following notes:

- Note 45 - determining the amount of expected credit loss on financial assets (including trade receivables) and

- Note 44-leaseclassification

Assumptions and estimation uncertainties

Information about assumptions and estimation uncertainties that have a significant risk of resulting in a material adjustment in the year ending 31 March 2019 is included in the following notes:

- Note 4 and 6 - estimate of useful life used for the purposes of depreciation and amortisation on property plant and equipment and other intangible assets, impairment of goodwill;

- Note 37(c) - recognition of deferred tax liabilities;

- Note 39 - measurement of defined benefit obligations: key actuarial assumptions;

- Notes 22, 27, 40 and 41 - recognition and measurement of provisions and contingencies: key assumptions about the likelihood and magnitude of an outflow of resources;

- Note 45 - impairment of financial assets.

2.4 Measurement of fair values

Some of the Company’s accounting policies and disclosures require the measurement of fair values, for both financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. The Company has an established control framework with respect to the measurement of fair values. This includes a financial reporting team that has overall responsibility for overseeing all significant fair value measurements, including Level 3 fair values, and reports directly to the Chief Financial Officer.

The financial reporting team regularly reviews significant unobservable inputs and valuation adjustments. If third party information, such as pricing services, is used to measure fair values, then the financial reporting team assesses the evidence obtained from the third parties to support the conclusion that these valuations meet the requirements of Ind AS, including the level in the fair value hierarchy in which the valuations should be classified.

Fair values are categorised into different levels in a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used in the valuation techniques as follows.

- Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

- Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

- Level 3: inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

When measuring the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company uses observable market data as far as possible. If the inputs used to measure the fair value of an asset or a liability fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy, then the fair value measurement is categorised in its entirety in the same level of the fair value hierarchy as the lowest level input that is significant to the entire measurement.

The Company recognises transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy at the end of the reporting period during which the change has occurred.

2.5 Functional and presentation currency

The standalone financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees, the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates. All the amounts are stated in the nearest rupee in lakhs.


1. Out of total assets, identified assets comprising factory land, buildings and plant and machineries of the Company are mortgaged / hypothecated to State Bank of India for availing various working capital facilities to the tune of ?23,380.00 lakhs.

2. Refer Note 40 (b)for contractual commitments with respect to property, plant and equipments.

Note (a):

The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually and provides for impairment if the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is determined based on “value in use” calculations which is calculated as the net present value of forecasted cash flows of cash generating unit(CGU)to which the goodwill is related.

The Company believes that any reasonably possible change in the key assumptions on which a recoverable amount is based would not cause the aggregate carrying amount to exceed the aggregate recoverable amount of the cash generating unit.

(b) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity share having a par value of Rs.2 per share. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend, which is approved by Board of Directors of the Company. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

The Company provides standard warranty to all its customers for any manufacturing defects in the products sold by the Company. Generally, the time period of warranty is linked to the hours which has been assured by the Company towards performance of the product under normal mill operation. Based on evaluation made by Company’s technical team and the Company’s historic experience of claims, the Company provides for warranty @ 0.20% of domestic sales and 0.05% of export sales for the year and is carried in the books for a period upto 5 years.

* Nature of security

1. Packing Credit in Foreign Currency (‘PCFC’) carrying interest rate ranging from 5.25% - 5.50% (previous year: 1.33% to 2.99%) and Export Packing Credit (‘EPC’) facilities held in previous year which carried interest rate ranging from 4.60% - 5.05% in previous year, both facilities from Citi Bank N.A., are secured by:

- Pari passu charge over inventories and book debts of the Company to the extent of Rs.15,000 lakhs, and

- Demand Promissory Note and Letter of Continuity for Rs.15,000 lakhs.

2. Export Packing Credit (‘EPC’) facility from State Bank of India carrying interest rate of 5.25% (previous year: N.A.) is hypothecated against entire chargeable current assets of the Company including inventories and receivables on pari passu basis.

3. Export Packing Credit (‘EPC’) facility held in previous year from Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation which carried interest rate ranging from 4.60% - 4.80% in previous year was secured by pari passu charge over current assets of the Company.

4. PCFC facility from State Bank of India in previous year which carried interest rate of 4.8% was secured against:

- hypothecation of entire chargeable current assets of the Company, including receivables and inventories;

- collateral security (exclusive charge) by way of mortgage of identified factory land and buildings and hypothecation of identified plant and machineries of the Company.

Changes in significant accounting policies / Transition to Ind AS 115

The Company has adopted IndAS 115”Revenue from contracts with customers” with effect from 1 April 2018. Ind AS 115 establishes principles for reporting information about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenues and cash flows arising from the contracts with its customers and replaces Ind AS 18 Revenue and Ind AS 11 Construction Contracts. The Company has adopted Ind AS 115 prospectively whereby the effect of applying this standard is recognised at the date of initial application (i.e. 1 April 2018). Accordingly, the comparative information i.e. information for the year ended 31 March 2018, has not been restated. Additionally, the disclosure requirements in Ind AS 115 have not been applied to comparative information.

The impact of transition to Ind AS 115 on retained earning as at 1 April 2018 is not significant and hence no disclosures have been provided in this regard.

B. Denned benefit plans

Gratuity: The employees’ gratuity fund scheme is a defined benefit plan managed by a Trust. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

(i) Risks associated to the defined benefit plans:

a. Actuarial risk: Risks due to adverse salary growth / Variability in mortality and withdrawal rates.

b. Investment risk: Risks due to significant changes in discount rate during the inter-valuation period.

c. Liquidity risk: Risks on account of Employees resign/retire from the Company and as result strain on the cash flow arises.

d. Market risk: Risks related to changes and fluctuation of the financial markets and assumption depends on the yields on the corporate/government bonds and hence the valuation of liability is exposed to fluctuations in the yields as at the valuation date.

e. Legislative risk: Risks of increase in the plan liabilities or reduction in plan assets due to change in legislation.

The estimates of rate of escalation in salary considered in actuarial valuation, take into account inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors including supply and demand in the employment market. The above information is certified by the actuary.

The expected rate of return on plan assets is determined considering several applicable factors, mainly the composition of plan assets held, assessed risks, historical results of return on plan assets and the Company’s policy for plan assets management.

C. Other long-term employee benefits

Leave encashment: The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to buildup the final obligation.


(i) Most of the issue of litigation pertaining to Central Excise/ Service tax / Income tax are based on interpretation of the respective law & rules thereunder. Management has been opined by its counsel that many of the issues raised by revenue will not be sustainable in law as they are covered by judgements of respective judicial authorities which supports its contention. As such no material impact on the financials of the Company is envisaged.

(ii) Sales tax/Central Sales tax related litigation/demand primarily pertains to non submission of required declaration forms in time due to non-receipt of the same from customers and / or some interpretation related issues. However in most of the cases, required documents are being filed and given in minor impact if any, shall be the year of final outcome of respective matter in appeal.

(iii) The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India vide its order dated 28 February 2019 held that’ Basic Wages’ for the contribution towards Provident Fund (PF) should only exclude [in addition to specific exclusions under Section 2(bXii) of the Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952]:

a) amounts that are payable to the employee for undertaking work beyond the normal work which he/she is otherwise required to put in; and

b) allowances which are either variable or linked to any incentive for production resulting in greater output by an employee and that the allowances are not paid across the board to all employees in a particular category or were being paid especially to those who avail the opportunity.

With reference to the aforesaid judgment, the Company’s management is of the view that there is considerable uncertainty around the timing, manner and extent in which the judgment will be interpreted and applied by the regulatory authorities. The Company’s management is of the view that any incremental outflow in this regard can only be determined once the position being taken by the regulatory authorities in this regard is known and the management is able to evaluate all possible courses of action available. Accordingly, no provision has been currently recognised in the standalone financial statements in this regard.


On termination of Joint Venture and Shareholders’ Agreement), a Settlement Deed dated 16 February 2000 was executed between Mr. Bhadresh K. Shah, and Magotteaux International S.A. Belgium (Magotteaux). Under the arbitral mechanism provided in Settlement Deed, Magotteaux has initiated arbitral proceedings against Mr. Bhadresh K. Shah and the Company before the International Chamber of Commerce, London (ICC) claiming damages inter alia alleging infringement of its patent by the Company (in relation to the Company’s Sintercast Product)and breach of the Settlement Deed (in relation to Company’s Sintercast product). The amount involved in the said arbitral dispute is atleast US$ 60 million [equivalent to Rs.41,521.44 lakhs (conversion rate: 1 US$ = Rs.69.2024)], including costs and damages. However, the Company disputes the arbitration request and denies the allegations made therein and is confident of successfully defending the matter in accordance with law. Accordingly, no provision is made in the books of account of the Company.

Key Managerial Personnel and Relatives of Promoters who are under the employment of the Company are entitled to post employment benefits and other long term employee benefits recognised as per Ind AS 19 - ‘Employee Benefits’ in the Standalone financial statements. As these employee benefits are lump sum amounts provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, the same is not included above.

All related party transactions entered during the year were in ordinary course of the business and are on arm’s length basis. No amount has been recognised as bad or doubtful in respect of transactions with the related parties. (Refer Note 48)


(a) Information about reportable segment:

The Company operates mainly in manufacturing of High Chrome Mill Internals (Castings) and all other activities are incidental thereto, which have similar risk and return, accordingly, there are no separate reportable Segment.

(b) Information about geographical segment:

The geographical information analyses the Company’s revenues and non-current assets by the Company’s country of domicile (i.e., India) and other countries. In presenting the geographical information, segment revenue has been based on the geographical location of customers and segment assets have been based on the geographical location of assets.


The operating lease arrangements are cancellable subject to the stipulated notice period which generally does not exceed 3 months. Thus, management is of the view that there is no right to receive or obligation to pay the agreed lease rentals in case of termination.


The Company’s business activities expose it to a variety of financial risks, namely credit risk, liquidity risk, market risk and commodity risk. The Company’s senior management has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company’s risk management framework. The Company has constituted a Risk Management Committee which is responsible for developing and monitoring the Company’s risk management policies. The key risks and mitigating actions are also placed before the Audit Committee of the Company. The Company’s risk management policies are established to identify and analyse the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls and to monitor risks and adherence to limits. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company’s activities.

The Risk Management Committee of the Company is supported by the Finance team and experts who provide assurance that the Company’s financial risk activities are governed by appropriate policies and procedures and that financial risks are identified, measured and managed in accordance with the Company’s policies and risk objectives. The activities are designed to protect the Company’s financial results and position from financial risks, maintain market risks within the acceptable parameters while optimising returns and protect the Company’s financial investments while maximising returns.

Credit risk

Credit risk arises from the possibility that the counter party may not be able to settle the obligation as agreed. To manage this, the Company periodically assesses financial reliability of customers, taking into account the financial condition, current economic trends and analysis of historical bad debts and ageing of accounts receivable. Customer wise limits are set accordingly.

The Company considers the probability of default of asset and whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk on an ongoing basis through each reporting period. To assess whether there is a significant increase in credit risk the Company compares the risk of default occurring on asset as at the reporting date with the risk of default as at the date of initial recognition. It considers reasonable and supportive forward-looking information such as:

(i) Actual or expected significant adverse changes in business

(ii) Actual or expected significant changes in the operating results of the counterparty

(iii) Financial or economic conditions that are expected to cause a significant change to the counterparty’s ability to meet its obligations.

(iv) Significant increase in credit risk on other financial instruments of the same counterparty.

The Company categorises financial assets based on the assumptions, inputs and factors specific to the class of financial asset into High-quality assets, negligible credit risk; Quality assets, low credit risk; Standard assets, moderate credit risk; Substandard assets, relatively high credit risk; Low quality assets, very high credit risk; Doubtful assets, credit impaired.

Financial assets are written off only when there are no reasonable expectations of recovery, such as a debtor failing to engage in a repayment plan with the Company. The Company considers a loan or receivable for write off review when it pasts greater than one year from due date. Where loans or receivables have been written off, the Company continues to engage in enforcement activity to attempt to recover the receivable due. Where recoveries are made, these are recognised in the standalone statement of profit and loss.

Liquidity risk

Prudent liquidity risk management implies maintaining sufficient cash and marketable securities and the availability of funding through an adequate amount of committed credit facilities to meet obligations when due and to close out market positions. The Company’s treasury department is responsible for liquidity, funding as well as settlement management. In addition, processes and policies related such risks are overseen by senior management. Management monitors the Company’s net liquidity position through rolling forecasts on the basis of expected cash flows.

Note: Guarantees issued by the Company aggregating to Rs.2,076.07 lakhs (previous year: Rs.1,954.29 lakhs) on behalf of subsidiaries are with respect to borrowing limits obtained by the respective entity. These amounts will be payable on default by the concerned entity. As of the reporting date, none of the subsidiary have any outstanding borrowing and hence the Company does not have any present obligation to third parties in relation to such guarantees.

Market risk - interest rate

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of the financial instruments will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. In order to optimise the Company’s position with regards to interest income and interest expenses and to manage the interest rate risk, treasury performs a comprehensive corporate interest rate risk management by balancing the proportion of fixed rate and floating rate financial instruments in its total portfolio.

Market risk - Foreign currency risk

The Company operates internationally and large portion of the business is transacted in several currencies. Consequently the Company is exposed to foreign exchange risk through its sales in overseas and purchases from overseas suppliers in various foreign currencies. Exports of the Company are significantly higher in comparison to its imports. As a policy the Company does not cover the foreign exchange requirements for its imports and the same is managed from the export earnings in foreign currency. Foreign currency exchange rate exposure for exports is managed by prudent hedging policy.

Derivative financial instruments

The Company holds derivative financial instruments such as foreign currency forwards to mitigate the risk of changes in exchange rate on foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and firm commitments. The counterparty for these contracts are banks. These derivative financial instruments are generally with a maturity upto 1 year. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Commodity Risk

Principal raw material for Company’s products are metal scrap and ferro chrome. Company sources its raw material requirement from domestic and international markets. Domestic market price generally remains in line with international market prices. Volatility in metal prices, currency fluctuation of rupee viz a viz other prominent currencies coupled with demand-supply scenario in the world market affect the effective price of scrap and ferrous metal. Company effectively manages availability of material as well as price volatility through:

(i) widening its sourcing base;

(ii) appropriate contracts with vendors and customers and commitments;

(iii) well planned procurement and inventory strategy.

Risk committee of the Company has developed and enacted a risk management strategy regarding commodity price risk and its mitigation.

(B) Capital Management

A. The Company’s objectives when managing capital are to:

- safeguard their ability to continue as a going concern so that they can continue to provide return for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders.

- maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

* Debt includes borrowings and current maturities of long term debt in other financial liabilities.

Company believes in conservative leverage policy. Company’s capital expenditure plan over the medium term shall be largely funded through internal accruals and suppliers’ credit.

B. The Company follows the policy of Dividend for every financial year as may be decided by the Board considering financial performance of the Company and other internal and external factors enumerated in the Company’s dividend policy such as reinvestment of capital in business. Company’s Dividend policy is to distribute 10-25% of its consolidated net profit as dividend (including dividend distribution tax).


Fair values are categorised into different levels in a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used in the valuation techniques as follows:

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included in level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

Level 3: Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable input).

# Investments in subsidiaries classified as equity investments and investment in government securities have been accounted at historical cost. Since these are scope out of Ind AS 109 for the purposes of measurement, the same have not been disclosed in the above table. Investments in unquoted equity shares of entities other than subsidiaries have been designated as FVTPL and such investment upon sale is only going to fetch the principle amount invested and hence the management considers cost and fair value to be the same.


Based on the guidance note on Accounting for Expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility Activities (CSR) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with rules made thereunder, the Company has incurred the following expenditure on CSR activities for the year ended 31 March:

# Contribution of Rs.328.25 Lakhs made to AIA CSR Foundation during the year is against unspent amount for financial year 2015-16. This is excluded from calculating unspent amount for the year ended 31 March 2019.

* Represents actual outflow during the year.

The Company’s international transactions with associated enterprises are at arm’s length, as per the independent accountant’s report forthe year ended 31 March 2018. The management believes that the Company’s international transactions with associated enterprises post 31 March 2018 continue to be at arm’s length and that transfer pricing legislations will not have any impact on the standalone financial statements, particularly on the amount of tax expenses for the financial year 2018-19 and the amount of provision for taxation as at 31 March 2019.

Previous year’s figures have been regrouped/reclassified wherever necessary to confirm to current year presentation.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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