State of the Economy: Stagflation

Dinesh Narayanan/Forbes India  

The indian economy is showing classic signs of what is defined as 'stagflation'. The phase is generally described as one where economic growth stagnates and unemployment rises, accompanied by inflation.

Government data last week showed industrial output shrank 1.6 percent in May and exports fell 4.6 percent in June, compared to 2012. The rupee’s recent steep fall against the dollar reflects economic and fiscal weakness.

India’s GDP growth fell to 5 percent in the first quarter, a decadal low, and is expected to fall further, even as inflation rises. The Wholesale Price Index rose to 4.86 percent in June, a three-month high. The consumer price index has risen to close to 10 percent in June, as food and vegetable prices increase. Jobs are tough to find as industries cut production.

Combined with rising prices, it adds to the misery. 

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