Australian captain Steve Smith and fellow centurion Glenn Maxwell (104) helped Australia post a big first innings score in Ranchi.
Australia were bowled out for 451 in the afternoon session on the second day of the third Test in Ranchi on Friday.
Captain Steve Smith scored an unbeaten 178 while Indian spinner Ravindra Jadeja took 5/124. Earlier, Glenn Maxwell hit his maiden Test century before getting out for 104.
Indian captain Virat Kohli remained off the field after sustaining a shoulder injury on Thursday. It was unclear whether he will be fit to bat on Friday.
Australia 1st innings: 451 all out in 137.3 overs (Steve Smith 178*; Umesh Yadav 2/94)