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Feb 15, 2013, 01.23 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Budget 2013-14: Real Estate's expectations from Union Budget 2013-2014

The GDP for the current financial year is not likely to cross the 5.7-5.9% mark - the predicted 8% in GDP growth is highly unrealistic. We expect the budget to come up with some immediate and effective announcements to remedy the situation.

Anuj Puri

Chairman & Country Head, JLL India

Expertise : Property

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The GDP for the current financial year is not likely to cross the 5.7-5.9% mark - the predicted 8% in GDP growth is highly unrealistic. We expect the budget to come up with some immediate and effective announcements to remedy the situation. 

In recent quarters, the Government and the RBI have been unable to curb the inflation to a more comfortable level of between 5-6%. Considering that the upcoming budget is expected to a populist one, given the Union election ahead in 2014, addressing the compromised GDP and skyrocketing inflation must be given highest priority.

The macro-economic concerns are having a cascading effect on Indian real estate. Here are the considerations that the sector needs from the upcoming budget as well as in terms of overall enablement:

- Reduce High Cost Of Borrowing:

Presently, interest rates charged by the banks to developers and home buyers are at an all-time peak and need to be brought down. A reduction in the base rate (rate below which no banks can lend to the corporates or industries) is necessary to help banks lower their lending rates. The Government should address these concerns in the budget, and this should be followed through by RBI in terms of easing the repo rates and relaxing other policy instruments such as the CRR, SLR, etc. to inject liquidity into the system. This is essential if the Indian economy's key sectors such as manufacturing and real estate are to grow.

The regulatory and monetary authorities need to bring down the housing loan rates to provide affordable housing to more cities and towns. The scope of the interest rate subsidy for loans towards affordable housing should be amplified and broadened to include a wider price band of budget housing to benefit home buyers, especially in lower income groups.


- Grant Real Estate Infrastructure Status:

To date, the only industries that have enjoyed infrastructure status were road and highway construction, ports, airports, rapid public transport systems, and so on. Real estate was not granted infrastructure status, despite the fact that it is a significant growth driver for the economy, generating countless jobs and directly catering to the needs of individuals and the businesses in which they work and which they patronize. Real estate is infrastructure in the truest sense, as it deals with building the very framework of the nation and its economy. This is why it should be granted infrastructure status and be given the benefits of this status. As an alternative, the Government should consider enacting provisions for Special Residential Zones (SRZs) to incentivise the growth of housing stock at targeted locations.


- Increase Infrastructure Allocations:

The budget needs to increase infrastructure spending in urban areas with a view to unlocking the value of neglected and hidden land assets in suburban and peripheral districts. This will enable more holistic growth for the real estate markets in our over-burdened metros and allow the demand for housing to spread over a larger canvas. The increased demand in peripheral locations in which infrastructure has made the real estate markets there more viable will also help bring down prices in the central areas.


- Provide Real Estate With Industry Status:

The country's real estate industry contributes approximately 5% to the GDP. Moreover, the real estate sector has grown significantly over the past decade, with tangible transformation in quality and business standards. However, due to lack of regulations and effective policies, the sector is experiencing many challenges on its growth path. The budget must consider the fact that the Indian real estate sector generates countless jobs across its various verticals. By granting it industry status, the Government would enable the sector to access debt lending at better interest rates and reduced collateral values.   


- Take Steps To Provide Better Clarity In Land Titles:

This is another policy hurdle which needs to be tackled by the Government. Across the country, land needs the benefit of legally documented ownership assigned to the right persons or entities. The lack of clarity on land titles shakes the confidence of investors, and is a serious hindrance to overall growth. The budget should make specific allocations towards regularizing and digitalizing land records.


- Provide More Adequate Sources Of Finance:

Since the sector is not under the umbrella of any specific regulatory authority, financing has been an issue over a number of years of credit slowdown. What is required at the current time is the liberalization of finance for the real estate sector. The budget should enable a broader scope for external commercial borrowings for real estate and provide a general relaxation of financing norms.


- Take Steps To Moderate Rising Input Costs:

The input prices for construction have skyrocketed in recent years, rising by more than 50% in the last two years alone. In addition, builders are faced with the increased costs of external and internal development charges, licenses and charges for change of land use from various departments. These factors have been directly responsible for rising real estate prices. The budget should make provisions for subsidized construction materials for low-to-mid-income housing, and rationalized license fees and other government levies.


- Unblock The Approvals Pipeline:

In this budget, the Government should come up with simple and effective polices that will ease real estate development approval procedures. Obtaining the 57-odd permissions to begin construction of a project can take as much as two years. During this time, the cost of acquisition or even just holding the land for projects rises. Single-window clearances are the need of the hour, since the absence of such mechanisms causes project delays which prove to be expensive to both developers and end users. 


- Take Steps To Improve Investor Interest:

REITs should be implemented so that small investors will get a chance to invest in real estate assets. The enactment of legislation on REITs to provide exit opportunities to real estate investors would be a real step in the right direction.


- Enact the Real Estate Regulatory Bill:

The Government should once and for all finalize and implement the proposed Real Estate Regulatory bill, which is needed to bring rationality back to the sector. This draft bill, which is pending since 2009, aims to create a regulatory authority for the realty sector, ensure sale of immovable properties in an efficient and transparent manner, and to protect consumer interest. One key proposal of this bill is to set up a regulatory authority in each state. The sector looks forward to intentions in this regard finally translating into action.

 

- Implement GST:

The Government avowed plans to introduce GST sooner rather than later need to be implemented. This will go a long way in streamlining the economy and providing stimulus to GDP growth.

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Mumbai
Capital Values Rate/Sq ft (INR)
Aajiwali
3000 - 5000
Ambernath
3000 - 5000
Badlapur
1000 - 3000
Bhandup (West)
11000 - 13000
Chembur (East)
15000 - 17000
Chembur (West)
11000 - 14000
Dombivali (East)
4000 - 6000
Ghatkopar
13000 - 15000
Heeranandani Gardens Estate - Powai
25000 - 30000
Hiranandani Gardens Estate - Powai
25000 - 30000
Kalyan (East)
2000 - 4000
Kalyan( West)
3000 - 5000
Karjat
1000 - 3000
Khandala
8000 - 10000
Kharegaon
5000 - 7000
King Circle
17000 - 28000
LBS Marg
12000 - 15000
Lonavala
3000 - 5000
Mulund (East)
11000 - 14000
Mulund (West)
11000 - 14000
Mumbai Nasik Highway
3000 - 6000
Powai
15000 - 17000
Senapati Bhagath Singh Road
3000 - 5000
Sion (East)
18000 - 21000
Sion (West)
17000 - 22000
Tilak Nagar
12000 - 22000
Ulhasnagar
3000 - 5000
Vikhroli
11000 - 14000
4 Bunglows
17000 - 28000
7 Bunglows
13000 - 23000
Chandivali
10000 - 15000
Malad (East)
12000 - 14000
Versova
21000 - 24000
Airoli
4000 - 8000
Belapur
6000 - 9000
Ghansoli
6000 - 8000
Kalamboli
4000 - 9000
Kamothe
4000 - 6000
Nerul
7000 - 10000
Palm Beach Road
12000 - 15000
Panvel
3000 - 6000
Sanpada
8000 - 10000
Sea Woods
8000 - 10000
Ulwe
3000 - 6000
Uran
3000 - 6000
Vashi
9000 - 12000
Altamount Road
62000 - 72000
Breach Candy
62000 - 74000
Chowpathy
48000 - 58000
Colaba
42000 - 46000
Cuffe Parade
67000 - 69000
Dadar(East)
32000 - 34000
Dadar(West)
29000 - 32000
Lower Parel
32000 - 34000
Mahalaxmi
38000 - 40000
Malabar Hills
68000 - 75000
Mumbai Central
23000 - 34000
Napean Sea Road
66000 - 74000
Parel
26000 - 34000
Prabhadevi
37000 - 39000
Tardeo
41000 - 49000
Worli
36000 - 41000
Andheri (West)
18000 - 20000
Andheri(East)
15000 - 17000
Bevarly Park
5000 - 7000
Bhayander (East)
5000 - 6000
Bhayander (West)
3000 - 5000
Boisar
1000 - 3000
Borivali (East)
11000 - 13000
Borivali (West)
10000 - 14000
Dahisar
4000 - 8000
Goregaon (East)
13000 - 17000
Goregaon (West)
12000 - 14000
Kandivali (East)
12000 - 14000
Kandiwali (West)
11000 - 12000
Malad(West)
9000 - 14000
Mira Road
5000 - 7000
Naigaon
1000 - 4000
Nala Sopara (Eastt)
3000 - 5000
Nalasopara (West)
3000 - 5000
Poonam Nagar
6000 - 8000
Shanti Nagar
7000 - 9000
Shrishti
6000 - 9000
Vasai Road
1200 - 4000
Virar
1000 - 3000
Note: Price trend are based on asking rate and not necessarily on the transaction date
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