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Sep 10, 2012, 07.22 PM IST
US stock market indices may be performing better than India's popular benchmark Sensex, but individual Indian stocks have outshined their own American Depositary Receipts by up to 25% in the past one year.
ADRs of Infosys' rival Wipro has shown a similar trend and the US investors of the Bangalore-headquartered IT firm have lost nearly 12% in the past 12 months. However, the shares of Azim Premji-led firm on Indian stock exchanges have risen by nearly 25% to Rs 381 apiece.
ADRs are securities that represent shares of a non-US company and trade on the US bourses like NYSE and Nasdaq.
Beyond IT sector, Pharma major Dr Reddy's ADRs shed 3.5% in the past one year but prices of its BSE-listed shares have risen about 17% in the same period.
Experts say that this trend is a reversal-like scenario from the the situation seen in 2010. At that time, ADRs trumped underlying Indian shares by 20% but now Indian shares are underperforming their ADRs.
ADRs usually trade at a discount to the underlying shares because of lack of liquidity in the ADR market. However, in a bearish market, this discount could widen and this may result in the ADR depreciating more than the underlying shares.
In telecommunications space, ADRs of MTNL lost over 15% in the one-year period ending September 7, 2012, but its shares traded in India have gained around 3%.
Tata Communications ADRs have lost around 6% but its Indian shares have jumped 11% in this period.
The gains are more pronounced in the share performance of Tata Motors . While ADR prices of India's leading automobile firm have risen by 33%, its shares traded on BSE have galloped by 55% in the same period.
The price gap between ADRs and local shares is often exploited by international hedge funds that take positions in both ADRs as well as underlying shares. The lower liquidity of ADRs leads to even smaller purchases or sales resulting in big price swings, said a merchant banker.
The ADRs of Vedanta group firm Sterlite Industries have lost 38% of value but its India-traded shares have fallen by a much lower 29% in the past one year.
All the gains or losses in both ADRs and shares are indicative in nature and exclude dividend income, transaction costs and applicable taxes, etc.
The BSE Sensex and NSE Nifty were completely listless in trade as investors eagerly awaited major events like inflation, industrial output data, Federal Reserve's policy meet and German's Constitutional Court ruling before taking any decision on the market.
Indian equity benchmarks remained flat since early trade as the gains in HDFC, HDFC Bank, Bharti and metals stocks counterbalanced the fall in ICICI Bank, L&T, SBI, TCS and Reliance Industries.
Tags: stock market, American Depositary Receipts, Infosys, Wipro, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, MTNL, Tata Communications, Tata Motors
May 25 2013, 16:36
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