Explainer: Here's how India's 14th President will be elected
The President of India is elected by an Electoral College, which comprises Members of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assemblies.
Voting got underway on Monday to elect India's 14th President, with National Democratic Alliance candidate Ram Nath Kovind and Opposition candidate Meira Kumar the frontrunners. Voting will end at 5pm on Monday and the results will be declared on Thursday.
Here's a look at the voting process:
> The President of India is elected by an Electoral College, which comprises Members of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assemblies. The common man has no role to play in these elections.
> In all, 776 MPs (543 Lok Sabha + 233 Rajya Sabha) are eligible to vote. Nominated members of the Rajya Sabha are not eligible.
Explainer: How The President Of India Is Elected
> All the MLAs from states and Union territories put together come to 4,120 legislators.
> Each vote from these electors has a "vote value". All MPs have a fixed vote value of 708, decided based on a complex formula.
> MLAs from different states have different vote values depending on the population of the state. For example, Uttar Pradesh legislators have the highest vote value while MLAs from Sikkim and Manipur have a low vote value.
> All the vote values put together come to around 11 lakh votes. The winning candidate needs to get more than 50 percent of these votes.
> The BJP has the most MPs in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha and rules the most states. Add to it the strength of its allies and its candidate Ram Nath Kovind is close to the halfway mark. He only needs the support of a couple of neutral parties to sail through. There is already good news on that front as the likes of the Biju Janata Dal, Telangana Rashtra Samiti and Janata Dal (United) have already pledged their support.