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Dec 17, 2012, 10.09 AM IST
Rajeev Malik of CLSA finds no compelling reasons for the central bank to cut CRR in December.
RBI is scheduled to announce its mid-quarter monetary policy review on December 18. The market was always expecting a CRR cut from RBI to symbolically support growth; but the lower than expected inflation number has increased the expectation.
Seventy percent of bankers and economists we polled expect RBI to cut CRR by 25-50 bps. Only 30% expect RBI to keep CRR unchanged.
But most don't believe that the RBI will cut the policy rate. In fact 90% said no repo cut. However, there is unanimity that rates will be cut at least by January. A majority expect 25-50 bps cut before the end of this financial year.
All respondents expect RBI to signal a pro-growth stance on Tuesday sounding dovish in its policy stance. The most important finding of our poll is that 40% of those polled expect FY13 inflation to end below 7%.
Rajeev Malik of CLSA finds no compelling reasons for the central bank to cut CRR in December .
Though the November WPI was much lower than expected at, but one cannot look at WPI in isolation. The retail consumer price index (CPI) has edged up in November. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) should give more weight to the CPI inflation simply because it is a better representation of the inflation experienced by households, he elaborated.
However, like most other economists Malik also sees greater probability of a rate cut in January 2013. Meanwhile, he expects India to grow at the 6 percent in FY14.
Below is the edited transcript of Rajeev Malik’s interview with CNBC-TV18.
Q: Inflation momentum is definitely falling. October over September it grew by just 0.2 percent and now November over October it is flat. Should not the Reserve Bank cut rates?
A: Not at all. What you are referring to are the non-seasonally adjusted monthly numbers which I wouldn’t really give much credence to. The most sensible thing looking at month on month changes comes from seasonally adjusted data. That still showed headline rising above the 0.3 percent on the month. Not a big number, but still an increase.
Secondly, one cannot look at the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) inflation report in isolation. The retail consumer price index (CPI) is sitting in stratosphere and is edged up in November. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) should frankly be giving more weight to the CPI inflation simply because it is a better representation of the inflation experienced by households. There will always be pros and cons, lets do a crude way and take an average of the two inflation rates.
That will show a number that is close to around 8.6 percent unchanged from the prior month. So, a rate cut next week - there is really no compelling reason for RBI to rush into it at all.
Q: In that case would you believe that there is a scope for a CRR cut. That in any case is what the market is expecting. Though I personally think a Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) cut actually can be even more inflationary?
A: I agree with that assessment that a CRR cut is a much more effective tool than a policy rate cut. Of the two, a CRR cut has a higher probability, but to be fair if one looks at the underlying reasons for the Liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) shortage, it has a lot more to do with government maintaining large cash balances with the central bank.
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