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Jun 15, 2012, 04.29 PM IST
The Congress party is seen to be close to nominating Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee to be the country's next president, creating an opening to take charge of an economy battered by policy gridlock, inflation, and sluggish investment.
In the March quarter, growth in Asia's third-largest economy skidded to a nine-year low of 5.3% even as inflation rose to nearly 7.6% in May.
Wide current account and fiscal deficits have battered investor sentiment and recently sent the rupee tumbling to a record low, raising the spectre of a balance of payment crisis like the one India faced in 1991.
Known as a Congress trouble-shooter, Mukherjee has been thwarted by a fractious ruling coalition from pushing through reforms, and it's not clear whether his successor would get better results.
In the absence of an obvious successor, talk in New Delhi also suggests Prime Minister Manmohan Singh could take the finance portfolio, possibly on an interim basis. Singh was finance minister during India's 1991 crisis, pushing through reforms that unleashed two decades of faster growth.
If he does opt for a full-time finance minister, there are several names doing the rounds. Following are profiles of some of the probable candidates that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his party chief Sonia Gandhi may look to replace Mukherjee.
JAIRAM RAMESH, 58, rural development minister
An economist, the MIT graduate is seen as close to the Gandhi family. He was one of the backroom players who shepherded the Congress party's election campaigns in 2004 and 2009.
Articulate and media savvy, Ramesh supports cutting fuel subsidies and opening up the supermarket industry, which he opposed earlier.
In a recent interview with a local business daily, he said time for "pussyfooting" on major economic reforms was over and the government needed to "take the bull by its horns".
To his advantage, Ramesh is able to build rapport with alliance partners as well as opposition parties. At a time when the government has been left hamstrung by unruly allies, Sonia Gandhi could settle for a person who can bring partners on board to push divisive reforms needed to revive the economy.
However, he carries an image of being anti-development. As an environment minister, he had red-flagged several mining and infrastructure projects on environmental concerns.
C RANGARAJAN, 80, chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister
Seen as a dark horse in the running for finance minister, he is one of the most trusted aides of Prime Minister Singh.
Rangarajan has worn various hats both within and outside the government, and would bring long experience to the job. Unlike other contenders, he has generally avoided controversy.
He is widely perceived as a hawk who frowns upon expansionary fiscal policy and high inflation, and is an advocate for fuel subsidy reforms and long-pending financial sector reforms. He favours building consensus before allowing foreign investment in multi-brand retail and aviation.
However, Rangarajan is not seen as a political heavyweight, even though he was governor of Andhra Pradesh for six years and was a member of the Rajya Sabha. Congress is seen to prefer a politician who can deliver votes in the 2014 parliamentary elections.
ANAND SHARMA, 59, trade minister
A lawyer-turned politician, Sharma is perceived to be reform-oriented and enjoys the confidence of the Gandhi family.
He is credited with arresting the slide in India's exports after taking over as trade minister in 2009 through a combination of bilateral trade agreements and diversification of export markets. He has also overseen bold steps to liberalise trade ties with arch-rival Pakistan.
Sharma has been pushing for liberalising foreign direct investment rules and succeeded in getting the government's approval for allowing foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail, an initiative thwarted by coalition allies. Permitting FDI in the aviation sector is the next big ticket item on his agenda.
Sharma's stature in the party could be a handicap. He is not seen as a political operator and does not bring a large base of political support. Blame for the embarrassing flip-flop on FDI in retail is often put at his doorstep.
P CHIDAMBARAM, 66, home minister
A familiar face and a senior party stalwart who held the post during the global financial crisis in 2008.
His deft handling of the situation then, helping India avoid the worst of the downturn, makes him a leading candidate to take over an economy mired in the doldrums.
Although it's been nearly four years since he moved over to the interior ministry, his heart is seen to be in his previous job. Former colleagues from the finance ministry recall him as having an eye for detail and cannot be bluffed.
Considered to be a reform-oriented taskmaster and a market friendly face, Chidambaram enjoys the confidence of both Prime Minister Singh and Sonia Gandhi.
But an image of "intellectual arrogance" has earned him detractors both within and outside the party.
He is also under siege. Opposition parties question his role in a multi-billion dollar telecoms scam that has undermined the Congress-led government. His family is under scrutiny over a controversial telecom deal. Chidambaram, himself, is battling charges of rigging his election to parliament in 2009.
MONTEK SINGH AHLUWALIA, 68, deputy chairman, Planning Commission
The Oxford-trained economist has been a key figure in Indian economic policy since the mid-1980s. He is an influential adviser to the prime minister and is also India's Sherpa for the G20 Summit.
A supporter of open markets, he has been pushing the government to implement long-pending reforms like ending controls on fuel prices, lifting caps on foreign stakes in the insurance sector and allowing in foreign supermarkets.
He is close to Singh and was a key member of the team that navigated the economy out of the 1991 balance of payment crisis.
Ahluwalia is said to harbour political ambitions and was seen as front-runner for finance minister in 2009, but was thought by Congress to be too market friendly. A lack of political base also went against him.
He has also been hurt by controversies, including the definition of a poverty line at Rs 32 a day.
Tags: Congress, Finance Minister, Pranab Mukherjee, policy gridlock, inflation, sluggish investment, JAIRAM RAMESH, Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, Sonia Gandhi, C RANGARAJAN, ANAND SHARMA, FDI, P CHIDAMBARAM, MONTEK SINGH AHLUWALIA
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