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Jun 15, 2012, 02.49 PM IST
Leading pharma companies, including GlaxoSmithkline, Pfizer and Ranbaxy, sell commonly used drugs at a rate 10 times the cost of production, a study by the Corporate Affairs Ministry has found.
A study by the Cost Audit branch of the MCA found drugs like Calpol manufactured by Glaxosmithkline, Corex Cough Syrup by Pfizer, Revital by Ranbaxy Global, Omez by Dr Reddy' s Labs, Azithral by Alembic and several others were being sold at a mark up of up to 1,123% over the cost of production.
Worried over the findings of the study, Corporate Affairs Minister M Veerappa Moily has written to the ministers of Chemical and Fertilizers M K Alagiri and Health Ghulam Nabi Azad seeking appropriate action on curbing this practice of
Emails sent to Ranbaxy, Pfizer, Zydus Cadila and Cipla remained unanswered while Dr Reddy's Lab said it cannot comment on the findings of the MCA.
It said the profit margins were "exorbitantly high" even in cases of top selling brands like Amlodopine, metformin,ciprofloxacin and Azithromycin. Also, cost of production differs significantly between manufacturers and there was significant variance in retail price between different brands of same high selling molecules.
As per the findings that studied 21 formulations of big drug manufacturers, the mark up of maximum retail price (MRP) over cost of production (CoP) was the highest at 1,123% in case of GlaxoSmithkline for its Tab Zyloric, followed
"In case of Zyolric Tab produced by GlaxoSmithkline, MAPE on COP is highest at 1123% and in this the share in company's profit margin is 640%. As percentage of net sales realisation, it is 68%," said the study on formulations (medicines) manufactured/marketed in India," the study said.
It added, "Loading of selling and distribution expenses range from 34% to a high of 209%, highest loading of selling and distribution expenses is 209% in case of Revital Caps produced by Ranbaxy Global."
The report reavealed that in the 21 high MAT value brands there is very high company profit margin, very high mark up on cost of production, heavy loading of selling and distribution expenses and very high mark-up towards trade margins.
"Company's profit margins as percentage of net sales realisation range from 29% to a high of 68%. In 11 cases, the margin is more than 50%," it said.
The price of 60% of the medicines can be brought under control if a ministerial panel on pharmaceutical policy, headed by Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar accepts the Pharmaceuticals department's proposal.
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