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Investing in Insurance

Questions Answered (9)

i AM 30YRS OLD... MARRIED.. I WANT TO RETIRE AT THE AGE OF 50YRS WHICH IS THE BEST PENSION PLAN

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

At your age, you should ideally buy a ULIP plan. This will help you build a handsome corpus amount.Difference between a normal ULIP plan and a plan specific for pension is the withdrawal at the time of maturity. For a normal plan, the return is paid out at maturity. This is all tax free and can then be utilized to buy annuity. For a pension plan, it is about discipline. At maturity, only one- third of the amount can be withdrawn and rest two-third needs to be put under annuity of the same insurer or any other insurer of your choice. Breaking this structure makes the withdrawal amount accountable for tax.

Hi, I want to know investing in ULIP or Term and MF. Which option is best one ?

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

This is a long debate actually and various investment advisors will have different things to say. You might also get a feeling that people chose the side in which they are. However, facts will help us deal with the question in a better way.Unit Linked Insurance PlansULIPs basically are very much like fund operated investment tools in which charges are deducted for operational matters and rest goes as investment in various funds. Every ULIP thus has a cost linked with it.-Essentially they have insurance/ Life cover linked with it.-They provide transparency and flexibility as compared to other investment options in insurance segment-Triple tax benefit structure is applicable. -Initial tax is saved under 80 C. so premium paid upto 1 lakh can save upto 30K depending on tax bracket.-The final amount at maturity is tax free under section 10(10D). Thus the income is tax free for self as well as the nominee. -The whole investment amount does not bear any service tax other than the mortality charge.Mutual Funds Term PlanMutual funds are again market linked products maintained by fund managers helping with investments in right instruments, thus helping in balancing risk.Like UIIP, MFs too has cost attached. Term plan added brings additional cost.-Life cover is provided by the term cover (mortality cost turns out to be cheaper for a healthy, young, non smoker individual)-Transparent product. All costs are declared.-80C is provided by specific schemes only. These schemes have a lock in for 3 years essentially. Cost structure work differently for these schemes and are on a higher side.-Long term/ short term capital gain taxes are applicable.-Other than these tax saving ones, lock in is not applicableHere, you can clearly see that ULIP has higher cost in the initial 4 years post which MF plus term takes over. *Please note that term cover will have a constant life cover of 5 lakhs here throughout these 20 years whereas ULIP product has 5 Lakhs or Fund value whichever is higher paid out. Hence, in later years life cover of ULIP has decreased. There are few ULIPs (Typre II Ulip) which has a constant life cover too. I have not taken those while calculating here.* Also note that tax saving has not been taken into consideration while showing the illustration. ULIPs will come out to be much more attractive in that case. You can simply deduct the tax saving from the premium you pay to get a glimpse of what that offers. The return is tax free as well.Another fact to note is, ULIPs have a lock in for 5 years. The regulator beliefs the risk to be too high, in case policyholder opts out of the policy in the initial 5 years. Thus the restriction is in place. Market trend shows the same. In Mutual fund there is no such restriction. This enables the policyholder to opt out any time he wishes to. However, someone who does not track market that often, this can turn out to be a very risky business.In my opinion, the most valuable point offered by ULIPs is investment discipline. You know that you have to pay premium by due date in order to avoid policy from getting lapsed. This will make you pay these premiums. Thus a regularized saving is ensured. Thus, a big corpus amount by the end. In Mutual funds there is no such restriction. You can rater opt for Systematic investment plans so as to get into a habit. Still, there are no penalties in case you opt out. So to summarize, one should look up to investing in ULIPs if they belong to any of these categories:-They have tax savings to do under 80 -They plan to invest longer than 10 years.

Tell me about whole life term insurence for a spouse with health insurance & accidental insurance

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

Whole life Insurance provides life cover till a defined age (generally 85 years or 99 years) and the money paid as a premium is invested in company funds. If there is any bonus earned by the company, the same is paid. This translates into income as well.You can buy it for your spouse. These policies allow few riders as well and thus very well customizable. Most common riders are:-Waiver of Premium Rider (WoP)(Waives off premium in cases of death, policy continues to run and pays to the nominee)-Term Plus rider (Provides additional life cover at nominal cost)-Accidental death benefit rider (ADB) (Provides additional cover in the event of accidental death)-Critical Illness rider (CI) (Pays fixed amount for treatment/support on getting diagnosed with one of the listed critical illnesses)If you want to purchase a whole life insurance, you have choices amongst Bharti Axa eAjeevan Sampatti , Edelweiss Tokio Cash Income

Is there any policy with which I can plan for my retirement?

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

Now being a defense person, you are provided good medical coverage and support at military hospitals. However, this may often not be sufficient for your case. The problem is that not all insurance companies would offer medical insurance to defense personnel, however, you should get individual (or family floaters) for your non defense family members (parents, children, spouse). If you are personally not part of the insurance cover, then the companies would offer this protection. You should also look at investing your money into multiple investment tools, these could be investment insurance products or could even look at non insurance alternatives for investment mediums. Look at long term investments that can help you with financial needs on different stages of life (marriage, birth of children, children education and retirement). It is critical that this is started as early as possible. Long term investment of monies can gives some really good returns which make life a lot easier in the times to come.Is there any policy with which I can plan for my retirement? You have not mentioned your age, family and financial status. Hence it will be difficult to pin point on a plan. However, I will talk of a thumb rule. If you are less than 40, get a ULIP plan. You have options of ULIP pension plan by HDFC and ICICI etc. You could also buy online ULIP plans with low cost structures so that the return is maximum. The amount you thus get at maturity can be then utilized to buy annuity products. These will serve as pension to you. You can assume 7% rate for calculation purposes of your annuity. If you are above 40 years, go for a mix. Get a traditional guaranteed structure product for half the amount you plan to invest. Plans like Reliance Super Endowment and HDFC Sanchay will help you with their flexible structure in opting for a product which can suit your retirement age. These allow policy for a range starting 15 years to 30 years. The much needed life cover will be an add on for you.Mix this with HDFC Personal pension plus. This product will give you ULIP mix along with a mix of guarantee on capital paid. IS LIC good for long term insurance?In my opinion the real question here should be based not on a company, but on particular products. Every company has some great products, some good products, some not so good products and some bad products. Insurance products have evolved over the years and now every company has good products, especially if you are willing to invest for the a long period of time. For investment/insurance policies, if you are willing to invest for a long term, then there are some very good new ULIP policies that have been launched recently (Aviva, Max Life have launched) which give returns which are comparable and often can beat Mutual Funds and at the same time give you the added advantage of insurance cover.Now LIC products have recently been on the more expensive side when compared to the returns they give. However, a lot of customers still prefer LIC due to the fact that LIC is perceived to be more stable as a company and a brand since. Now in this aspect, I always suggest to customers that if you are willing to pay a little extra premium for having mental peace for the next 23-30 years of your policy period, then LIC is definitely an option for you to explore. Many customers are vary of buying insurance from private players since they are not convinced that these players would be around 20-30 years from now. Now while this ideally shouldnt be a concern for the customer, since IRDA does make rules that ensure that customers are taken care of incase any company does want to exit, it is a call which each customer must make for themselves. LIC does have good stable products which may not necessarily give you the best returns in the market, but do offer you good returns.

If I have health insurance, is there a need to take personal accidental insurance?

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

Personal Accident insurance is a product which should definitely be part of your insurance portfolio regardless of whether you have a health insurance or not. It is a product which covers a very different need. A health insurance will give you good medical expense coverage in the event you need to be hospitalized for certain diseases and illnesses. PA cover would provide you with a lump sum payment in the event of an temporary or permanent total or partial disability due to an accident or injury. While there are certain portions of these products which may over lap, most of the benefits of a PA insurance are independent on medical insurance. There are many companies which offer these products online and depending on the sum assured chosen and the profile of the customer, the policy may be issued instantly online. Some PA insurance policies also provide a cover for legal expenses, transportation expenses and give a payout in event of death. So as you can see, a PA policy has aspects of health and life insurance along with its own properties and can be bought with no medical tests (as it does not offer payout for illness or disease). So all in all, please consider buying a good personal accident cover for yourself.

I need to take an insurance policy for my parents. The age of my dad is 59 and mom is 51. Please suggest me insurance that can cover preexisting condition with less duration and having critical illness cover with low premium.

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

incase your parents have a pre existing condition, then the products you should consider would be Religare Care, and L

How much insurance do I insure me and my family for?

Yashish Dahiya

CEO & Co-Founder
Policybazaar.com

Since you have not provided any information about your age, income and family details, I would unfortunately not be able to give you a customized recommendation. I can however give you a broad rule of thumb you should follow.There are 4 basic products which should be part of your overall insurance portfolio. They are: Term Insurance: This is a risk only cover for your life. There are no returns associated with this product, however, it offers you a huge sum assured at very nominal premiums (if bought online). Ideally, the amount of insurance required should be calculated on the following rule. Your annual income into 10, plus any outstanding loans/debts. For eg, if you annual income is Rs. 15 lakhs and you have a 50 lakh home loan still outstanding (which isnt secured), then you should have (15 X 10) 50 = Rs. 200 lakhs (Rs. 2 crores) as your term insurance amount. If you dont have any home loan, car loan, educational loan etc, then in the example above a Rs. 1.5 cr cover would be sufficient. This for a 30 year old healthy non smoker male, can come at a premium of as low as Rs. 7-8 thousand a year. This product should ideally be bought for each earning member of the family. Health Insurance: Assuming you have a spouse and 2 children, then you should look at buying a family floater of approximately Rs. 10 lakhs minimum to cover your entire family. There are many options available from Religare, Max Bupa, Apollo Munich, HDFC, Reliance, L

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Tools

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Yateesh Srivastava

COO , AEGON Religare Life Insurance

(27 Aug- 14:00hrs)

Insurance Guide

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FAQs

Q.
What is a Guaranteed Surrender Value?

You can surrender the policy for cash only after the premiums have been paid for at least three years. The minimum surrender value allowed is equivalent to an assured percentage of the total amount of premiums paid by the holder excluding the premiums for the first year and all extra premiums for riders.

Q.
What is the right age to buy a Health Insurance Policy ?

Today's fast paced life leaves us with little time to take care of our health. High stress life, irregular & unhealthy eating habits and no physical exercise make us susceptible to health concerns. People across the age groups run the risk of falling ill at regular intervals. Even though we now have cures for most of the diseases but it has also lead to increasing medical cost year on year. This has direct impact on our savings. Health insurance provides us the required support in these times of need so that an individual can be with his family giving emotional support rather than being concerned of financial burden.

Q.
What is Redirection?

You can redirect your current contribution allocation percentage into various funds. It will not impact the percentage of the contribution already invested.

Q.
How much should I insure for?

The amount you insure for is called the sum assured. Normally a policy should cover the value of the asset - either the market value while insuring, or the cost of replacing the asset should it be lost or destroyed. The premium will depend on the sum assured.

Q.
Which Life Insurance Plan I should opt?

If you need pure protection then Term Plan is best for you.

Q.
What should I do if I lose/misplace my insurance policy?

If you misplace your policy then you can ask for a duplicate document from the insurance company. However, you will receive a duplicate policy only after paying the necessary fees coupled with executing an indemnity bond. The verification process will be conducted by the insurance company and you need to carry a premium receipt and an identity card.

Q.
How can Insurance Repository provide free service to policy holders? Where is the catch?

The Insurance Repositories will be paid directly by the Insurance Companies whose policies are held in electronic form in the respective Insurance Repository so that no charges are levied on policy holders. Insurance Companies will be able to pay these fees out of the savings that will accrue to them by the migration to issuance and maintenance of policies in electronic form.

Q.
How much sum assured I should take?

There are two methods of deciding the sum assured which is human life value and need based analysis. One should use need based analysis method for deciding sum assured. In need based analysis method we should add survivors living expenses, future value of outstanding life goals, outstanding debt, cost of dying (funeral, estate lawyer's fees, etc.) and subtracts saleable investments, and insurance already available. The difference is the sum assured required.

Q.
Is it compulsory to issue policies in only electronic form? (i.e. is dematerialization of insurance policies compulsory, as in the case of shares?)

No, it is not (yet) compulsory to issue insurance policies only in electronic form. Policy holders can choose the form in which they want their policies issued - paper or electronic.

Q.
How do I open an e Insurance Account (eIA)?

To open an e IA, you need the fill out an account opening application form of the Insurance Repository along with the necessary supporting documents. Application Forms would be available in all offices of the Insurance Repository, once they are operational. They can also be downloaded from the respective website or you can fill out an application online at the website). You can also contact your Insurance Advisor (Agent) for an application form. You can submit the signed e IA application form at any Insurance Repository office. If you are applying to open an e IA at the time of buying a new Insurance Policy, it may be best to hand over the e IA form, along with the insurance proposal form, to the Insurance Company. To open an e IA, you need to necessarily have either a PAN or Aadhar number. When submitting your e IA application, please ensure that you provide copies of your PAN or Aadhar, Address Proof and proof of date of birth, along with a passport size photograph. You also need to show the original of address proof for verification (the list of acceptable address proof documents is given elsewhere).

Q.
What is unit linked insurance plan?

ULIPS provide for benefits of protection and flexibility in investment, it is insurance cum investment plan. The allocated premiums will be applied to purchase units as per the fund type based on the ongoing NAV. NAV is the value per unit of the scheme. They provide multiple benefits like life protection, investment and savings flexibility, options to take additional covers, tax planning, etc. but they are riskier compared to other schemes.

Q.
What is Pre existing, Waiting periods and Exclusions in a health Insurance policy ?

Pre-existing are the diseases from which a customer suffers from before taking a policy cover. Most of companies in industry provide coverage to these pre-existing diseases after 4 continuous years of coverage. Waiting period is also called the cooling period. It is the time after the purchase of policy under which no claim is paid other than in the situation when claim has resulted due to an emergency situation. It varies (from 30 days to 90 days ) from insurer to insurer.

Q.
What does my family get on my death?

If death of the policy holder takes place during the term of the insurance policy, then the nominee designated by the policy holder receives the assured sum plus the accrued bonus, if any. If the policy is along with the bonus policy or participative profits, the bonus is payable to the nominee in addition to the sum assured but only for the number of years the premium has been paid. If the policy has an accident rider and death takes place due to an accident, then nominee may receive double the sum assured. However, if death takes place after the policy has matured, then the nominee does not receive anything from the insurance company. There are certain policies which offer to cover the insurer for the sum assured or a part of the sum assured, even after the policy has matured.

Q.
What is general insurance?

Insuring anything other than human life is called general insurance. Examples are insuring property like house and belongings against fire and theft or vehicles against accidental damage or theft. Injury due to accident or hospitalisation for illness and surgery can also be insured. Your liabilities to others arising out of the law can also be insured and is compulsory in some cases like motor third party insurance.

Q.
What do I need to pay to maintain electronic policies in my e IA? And what is the fee for converting my existing paper polices into electronic policies?

All the services provided by Insurance Repositories are absolutely FREE of charge to policy holders. Policy holders need not pay anything extra to buy an electronic policy or to convert an existing paper policy into electronic form. Similarly they need not pay anything to avail of any services from the Insurance Repository, including online premium payment and services at the respective online portal.

Q.
There is no return under Term Plan then why should I take Term Plan?

Remember that nothing is free of cost. Even if you take ULIP plans, Money Back Plans, Endowment Plans or Whole Life Plans every plan attracts mortality charges which you have to pay. If you take term plan then in very small amount you can take higher sum assured.

Q.
What is an e Insurance Account (e IA)?

A policy holder needs to open an e Insurance Account (e IA) with one of the Insurance Repositories to be able to buy and keep policies in electronic mode. An individual can have only one e IA with any one of the Insurance Repositories. Once an e IA is opened, the account holder can buy and keep all his electronic insurance policies - be it life, pension, health or general - issued by various Insurers under this single account. Each e IA will have an unique e Insurance Account number; the account holder should quote this number in all correspondence with Insurance Repository. Each account holder will also get an unique Login ID and Password to access his account and electronic policy details online on the insurance repository website.

Q.
Whom should I insure?

Income producer- If you are the major earning member of your family, you need to insure yourself first. Working spouse - If your spouse is also earning then both of you could take an insurance cover in a joint-life policy. It is a good option for working couple since it could serve as a low-cost policy covering both of them. Children - If you have children you could buy an insurance policy in their names. This would also help your children to receive a certain amount of money when they opt for higher education. Partner/Key-person in the organization: If you have a working partner in your firm or a key-person(s) in the organization, your firm/organization could buy life insurance for them.

Q.
How do I collect the maturity amount from the insurance company?

Insurance companies send information in advance to the policyholder regarding the maturity of the policy. The policyholder will be required to fill-up the forms along with the documents attached as per requirement. If the paper work is done properly and verified then the payment is either sent by post or directly credited in your bank account.

Q.
Why should I buy life insurance?

Life Insurance provides you and your family with protection against all the risks involved, moreover providing you an opportunity to grow your investments. It could be viewed as a long-term investment to provide for your child's future expenses or your expenses, post retirement. Source: SBI Life Insurance

Q.
Is it compulsory for all Insurance Companies to offer electronic policies?

Yes. It is the policy holder's prerogative to opt for a policy in electronic form. If a policy holder wants his/her policy (either new purchase or existing) in electronic form, then the Insurer is bound to fulfill his / her requirement. The choice of a Repository for opening an e IA is the prerogative of the policy holder and hence all Insurance Companies will need to work with all the Insurance Repositories. Initially, repository service will be available for life insurance only; over time, health and general insurance (personal lines only) will also be brought within the ambit of repository services.

Q.
What are the benefits of group life insurance?

This scheme provides insurance coverage to a group of people under one contract. These schemes are provided for employees, associations, societies, etc. Group insurance are more affordable than other individual insurance plans and also beneficial to those who cannot afford individual life insurance.

Q.
Which Policy is better - from General Insurance co, Health Insurance Co. or Life Insurance cos ?

Health Insurance companies operate only in the field of health and travel insurance. This limited scope helps them to build specialization in the field and deliver better service to their customers.

Q.
What is the fee I need to pay for opening an e Insurance Account?

Insurance Account is absolutely FREE to the policy holder - the policy holder does not have to pay anything to open an e Insurance Account.

Q.
Can policy holders have multiple e Insurance Accounts if they have multiple Insurance policies issued by various Insurance Companies?

No. IRDA stipulates that an individual can have only ONE e Insurance Account across Repositories, irrespective of the number of policies owned by a policy holder - thus, if a person has an e IA with say Repository A, with any other Insurance Repository. All Repositories will have systems in place to check this before opening an e IA - any application for a second or multiple e IA will be rejected by the Insurance Repository. All the electronic policies owned by a policy holder can be credited or held under this single e IA. Source: CAMS

Glossary

Abstract

A brief history of title to land

Accelerated death benefit

A percentage of the policy?s face amount, discounted for interest, that can be paid to the insured prior to death, under specified circumstances. This is in lieu of a traditional policy that pays beneficiaries after the insured?s death. Such benefits kick in if the insured becomes terminally ill, needs extreme medical intervention, or must reside in a nursing home. The payments made while the insured is living are deducted from any death benefits paid to beneficiaries.

Accident & Accidental Death Benefit

In the context of life insurance, accident or accidental death is defined as a sudden and unforeseen happening that causes disability or death of the policyholder.

Accident and health insurance

Coverage for acci-dental injury, accidental death, and related health expenses. Benefits will pay for preventative services, medical expenses, and catastrophic care, with limits.

Accidental death benefit

An endorsement that pays the beneficiary an additional benefit if the insured dies from an accident.

Accidental Death Insurance

Accidental Death Insurance provides coverage in the event of death due to accidental injuries, but not illness. In the event of death, payment is made to the insured's beneficiary. And most of these covers provide for cases for bodily injury (e.g., the loss of a limb), where the insured receives a specificed sum.

Accounts receivable (debtors) insurance

Indemnifies for losses that are due to an inability to collect from open commercial account debtors because records have been destroyed by an insured peril.

Accumulation Period

The time interval between the commencement of the policy and the time when benefits are paid out. It is established by the insured.

Activities of daily living

Activities-such as eating, bathing, toileting, dressing, and continence-that trig-ger payment in a long-term care insurance policy, if at least some of them cannot be performed by the insured.

Acts of god

Perils that cannot reasonably be guarded against, such as floods and earthquakes.

Actual cash value

A form of insurance that pays damages equal to the replacement value of damaged property minus depreciation.

Actual loss ratio

The ratio of losses incurred to premiums earned actually experienced in a given line of insurance activity in a previous time period.

Actuarial cost assumptions

Assumptions about rates of investment earnings, mortality, turnover, salpatterns, probable expenses, and distribution or actual ages at which employees are likely to retire.

Actuarial Cost Method

A method that determines contributions that would be made under an insurance plan.

Actuary

An insurance professional skilled in the analysis, evaluation, and management of statistical information. Evaluates insurance firms? reserves, determines rates and rating methods, and determines other business and financial risks.

AD&D

Accidental Death and Dismemberment Benefits

Additional insureds

Persons who have an insurable interest in the property/person covered in a policy and who are covered against the losses outlined in the policy. They usually receive less coverage than the pri-mary named insured.

Additional living expenses

Extra charges covered by homeowners policies over and above the policy-holder?s customary living expenses. They kick in when the insured requires temporary shelter due to damage by a covered peril that makes the home temporarily uninhabitable.

Adjustable Life Insurance

A facility allowing a life insurance policy owner to change the insurance plan, increase or decrease the premium and make changes in the protection period.

Adjuster

An individual employed by a property/cas-ualty insurer to evaluate losses and settle policyholder claims. These adjusters differ from public adjusters, who negotiate with insurers on behalf of policyhold-ers, and receive a portion of a claims settlement. Inde-pendent adjusters are independent contractors who adjust claims for different insurance companies.

Admitted company

An insurance company licensed and authorized to do business in a particular state or country.

Adverse selection

The tendency of those exposed to a higher risk to seek more insurance coverage than those at a lower risk. Insurers react either by charging higher premiums or not insuring at all. In the case of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, adverse selection concentrates risk instead of spreading it. Insurance. works best when risk is shared among large numbers of policyholders.

Affinity sales

Selling insurance through groups such as professional and business associations.

Affirmative warranty

An agreement between an insurance company and an agent, granting the agent authority to write insurance from that company. It specifies the duties, rights, and obligations of both parties.

After Tax Rupees

This refers to the disposable income that the policy holder has in his hands after paying all tax dues during a particular financial year under the Income Tax Act.

Age Limits

The maximum and minimum ages above or below which an insurance company will not accept applications for insurance from or will not renew a policy with a person.

Agent

Insurance is sold by two types of agents: inde-pendent agents, who are self-employed, represent several insurance companies and are paid on commission, and exclusive or captive agents, who represent only one insurance company and are either salaried or work on commission. Insurance companies that use exclusive or captive agents are called direct writers.

Agent (Life Advisor)

A representative of an insurance company authorized to sell insurance policies.

Aggregate deductible

A type of deductible that applies for an entire year in which the insured absorbs all losses until the deductible level is reached, at which point the insurer pays for all loses over the specified amount.

Aggregate limits

A yearly limit, rather than a ?per occurrence? limit. Once an insurance company has paid up to the limit, it will pay no more during that year.

Aleatory contract

A legal contract in which the outcome depends on an uncertain event. Insurance contracts are aleatory in nature.

All-risk agreement

A property or liability insur-ance contract in which all risks of loss are covered except those specifically excluded; also called ?open perils policy.?

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

Alternative to going to court to settle disputes. Methods include arbitration, where disputing parties agree to be bound to the decision of an independent third party, and mediation, where a third party tries to arrange a settlement between the two sides.

Alternative markets

Mechanisms used to fund self-insurance. This includes captives, which are insurers owned by one or more non-insurers to provide owners with coverage. Risk-retention groups, formed by members of similar professions or businesses to obtain liability insurance, are also a form of self-insurance.

Ancillary charges

In hospital insurance, covered charges other than room and board.

Annual statement

Summary of an insurer?s or rein-surer?s financial operations for a particular year, including a balance sheet.

Annual-premium annuity

An annuity whose purchase price is paid in annual installments.

Annuitant

: An individual receiving benefits under an annuity.

Annuity Certain

An insurance contract that provides an annuity for a certain number of years, irrespective of whether the insured is alive or dead.

Annuity Consideration

The payment that an annuitant makes for an annuity.

Annuity units

A measure used in valuing a variable annuity during the time it is being paid to the annui-tant. Each unit?s value fluctuates with the performance of an investment portfolio.

Apportionment

The dividing of a loss proportion-ately among two or more insurers that cover the same loss.

Appraisal

A survey to determine a property?s insura-ble value, or the amount of a loss.

Arbitration

Procedure in which an insurance company and the insured or a vendor agree to settle a claim dispute by accepting a decision made by a third party.

Arson

The deliberate setting of a fire

Assessable policy

A policy subject to additional charges, or assessments, on all policyholders in the company.

Asset-backed securities

Bonds that represent pools of loans of similar types, duration and interest rates. Almost any loan with regular repayments of principal and interest can be securitized, from auto loans and equipment leases to credit card receivables and mortgages.

Assign

To use life insurance policy benefits as collat-eral for a loan.

Assignee

Assignee is the person to whom the title, rights and benefits under a life policy are assigned.

Assignor

Assignor is the policyholder who transfers the title, beneficial interest and rights under the policy to another individual.

Asymmetric information

An insured?s knowledge of likely losses that is unavailable to insurers.

Attained Age

It is your current age.Your attained age is one of the factors life insurance companies use to determine your premiums. As the older you are, the probability of death during the period of insurance cover i.e life insurance risk increases and so does the premium. Higher the risk, higher the premium.

Authority

The Insurance Regulatory and Development authority, IRDA established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 is the regulator for the insurance sector.

Auto insurance premium

The price an insurance company charges for coverage, based on the frequency and cost of potential accidents, theft and other losses.

Automatic coverage

An insurer agrees to cover accidents from all machinery of the same type as that specifically listed in the endorsement.

Automatic treaty

An agreement whereby the ceding company is required to cede some certain amounts of business and the reinsurer is required to accept them.

Average adjusters

A name applied to claims adjusters in the field of marine insurance.

Aviation insurance

Commercial airlines hold prop-erty insurance on aeroplanes and liability insurance for negligent acts that result in injury or property damage to passengers or others. Damage is covered on the ground and in the air. The policy limits the geographical area and individual pilots covered.

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  • Private insurance companies are not trustworthy

    Throw this myth out of the window. Strict IRDA guidelines ensure that transacting with private insurance companies is a safe bet.

  • Health insurance is not as important as life insurance

    With healthcare costs mounting by the day, it is imperative that you opt for health cover. If you choose an appropriate health insurance policy, it will support you financially through the period of your illness. Hence, don’t undermine the benefits of health insurance.

  • Insurance only benefits my nominee after my death, not me

    It’s true that the primary objective of insurance is providing financial security to your family in case you are not around. However, that is not all. Insurance can help you take care of your medical bills and also help you lead a comfortable post-retirement life.

  • Only the breadwinner of the family needs insurance

    Don’t believe anyone who tells you this. All family members need insurance. Change in nature of work may change the kind of insurance needs, but does not eliminate the need for it.

  • Insurance is a tax-saving instrument

    While this may be an added advantage, the primary objective of insurance is to provide financial security to your family, should anything untoward happen to you.