A) CHANGE IN ACCOUNTING POLICY :
Presentation and disclosure of financial statements
During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified
under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for
preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption
of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement
principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However,
it has significant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the
financial statements.The Company has also reclassified the previous
year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the
B) USE OF ESTIMATES :
Preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally
accepted accounting principles require management to make estimates and
assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities
on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of
revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
Difference between the actual result and estimates, are recognised in
the period in which the results are known/materialised.
C) REVENUE RECOGNITION :
i) REVENUE FROM OPERATION:
a) Revenue is recognised when it is earned and no significant
uncertainty exists as to its realisation or collection. Revenue from
sale of goods is recognised on delivery of the products, when all
significant contractual obligations have been satisfied, the property
in the goods is transferred for a price, significant risks and rewards
of ownership are transferred to the customers and no effective
ownership is retained.
b) Sales is inclusive of Excise and exclusive of Trade discount and
ii) DIVIDEND INCOME :
Dividend income from Investment is accounted for when the right to
receive is established.
iii) INTEREST INCOME :
Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into
account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
D) FIXED ASSETS, DEPRECIATION AND EXPENDITURE DURING CONSTRUCTION
i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition & installation, net
of cenvat and VAT credits availed ,if any, and includes amount added on
revaluation less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.
Borrowing costs incurred during the period of construction/ acquisition
of assets are added to the cost of Fixed Assets. Major expenses on
modification /alterations increasing efficiency/capacity of the plant
are also capitalised. Exchange differences arising out of fluctuations
in exchange rate on settlement/ period end in long term foreign
currency monetary liabilities used for acquisition of fixed assets are
adjusted to the cost of the fixed assets and depreciated over the
remaining useful life of the asset.
Critical spares are capitalised as a part of Fixed Assets, depreciation
on the same is provided over useful life of Fixed Assets.
ii) a) i) The Company based on report issued by external valuer has
revalued freehold and leasehold land and building situated at
Ahmedabad, Pundhra, Bareilly and Dharampur as at 31st March, 2012 by
replacement basis policy.
a) ii)The net increase due to revaluation of such assets of Rs. 6286.71
lacs has been carried to Revaluation Reserve Account. The revalued
amount of Rs. 12460.90 lacs stands substituted for historical cost of Rs.
4252.16 lacs in the gross block of fixed assets.
b) Free hold Land, Building and Plant & Machineries of Ice Cream Plant,
Ahmedabad and Agri. Foods plant, Dharampur have been revalued as on
31st March 2000 and are shown at the value approved by an external
valuer, using replacement basis policy.
c) The net increase due to revaluation of assets of Rs. 6956.53 lacs
(Previous Year Rs. 669.82 lacs ) since inception is transferred to
revaluation reserve account. Outstanding balance of revaluation reserve
account as on 31st March, 2012 is Rs. 6351.10 lacs (Previous Year Rs. 81.93
lacs ).Consequent to the said revaluation there is an additional charge
of depreciation of Rs. 17.54 lacs (Previous Year Rs. 20.57 lacs) and an
equivalent amount has been withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve and
credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. This has no impact on
profit for the year.
iii) a) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line
Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the
Companies Act 1956, ( as amended ).
b) On revalued assets, depreciation is provided on the estimate of the
remaining useful life of such assets.
c) Premium paid for lease hold land is amortised over the residuary
d) In respect of major alterations/modifications forming an integral
part of existing assets, depreciation is provided at the rate arrived
on the basis of useful life of such assets after such alterations/
modifications or at the rate prescribed under schedule XIV, whichever
is higher on the total value of such assets.
iv) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :
The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date
for any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An
impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of fixed
assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is
measured as the higher of the net selling price and the value in use
determined by the present value of estimated future cash flows.
E) INVESTMENTS :
Investments are classified into current and Non Current investments.
Current investments are such which is held primarily for the purpose of
being traded. Non Current investments are carried at cost. A provision
for diminution in value of Non Current investments is made for each
investment individually ,if such decline is other than temporary.
Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value,
computed category wise.
F) INVENTORIES :
Inventories are valued as under:
i) RAW MATERIALS, PACKING Valued at lower of cost or net realisable
value and for this MATERIALS AND STORES & SPARES. purpose cost is
determined on weighted average basis. Due provision for obsolescence
ii) FINISHED GOODS At cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.
Cost is determined on absorption basis. Due provision for obsolescence
G) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :
a) Short Term Employee Benefits :
All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering
the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits
such as salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the
expected cost of bonus, ex-Gratia are recognised in the period in which
the employee renders the related service.
b) Post-Employment Benefits :
(i) Defined Contribution Plans:
State Governed provident fund scheme and employees state insurance
scheme are defined contribution Plans. The contribution paid / payable
under the schemes is recognised during the period in which the
employees renders the related services.
(ii) Defined Benefit Plans :
The employee''s gratuity fund scheme and compensated absences is
company''s defined benefit plans.
The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is
determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected Unit Credit
Method, Which recognises each period of service as giving rise to
additional unit of employee benefits entitlement and measures each unit
separately to build up the final obligation.
The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future
cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value
of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market
yields on Government Securities as at the balance sheet date, having
maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.
Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement
of Profit and Loss.
In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan assets is reduced
from the gross obligations under the defined benefit plans, to
recoginse the obligation on net basis.
Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined
benefits plans are recoginsed when the curtailment or settlement
occurs. Past service cost is recognised as expense on a straight-line
basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.
c) Long term employee benefits :
The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term
compensated absences, is recognised in the same manner as in case of
defined benefit plans as mentioned in b) ii) above.
H) SEGMENT REPORTING :
i) Identification of Segments:-
The company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately
according to the nature of products and services provided, with each
segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different
products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical
segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of
the company operate.
ii) Inter Segment transfer:- The company generally accounts for inter
segment sales and transfer at cost plus appropriate margins.
iii) Allocation of Common Cost:- Common allocable costs are allocated
to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment
to the total common costs.
iv) Unallocated items:- Unallocated items include general corporate
income and expense items which are not allocated to any business
v) Segment accounting policies:- The company prepares its segment
information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for
preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a
I) EARNING PER SHARE :
Basic Earning Per Share are calculated by dividing the net profit or
loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted
average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. For the
purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or
loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the
weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are
adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
J) BORROWING COSTS :
i) Borrowing costs whether specific or general, utilized for
acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are
capitalised as part of cost of such assets till the activities
necessary for its intended use are complete. General borrowing costs
are capitalised at the weighted average of such borrowings outstanding
during the year. All other borrowing costs are charged in statement of
profit & loss of the year in which incurred.
ii) Ancillary cost incurred in connection with term loan borrowings is
amortised over the period of term loan.
iii) Upfront interest paid on restructuring of term loans is amortised
over the tenure of such loans.
K) TAXES ON INCOME :
a) Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of
taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, on timing
difference, being the difference between taxable income and accounting
income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one
or more subsequent periods. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or
carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there
is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be
available against which such assets can be realised. Other deferred tax
assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty
of realisation in future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance
sheet date to reassess realisation.
b) MAT Credit Entitlement
MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when there is convincing
evidence that the company will pay normal income tax within the
specified period. The asset shall be reviewed at each balance sheet
L) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :
i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded
at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.
ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currency at the year end are
translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date.
iii) Exchange differences,in respect of accounting periods commencing
on or after 7th December, 2006 arising on reporting of long-term
foreign currency monetary items at rates different from those at which
they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous
financial statements, in so far as they relate to the acquisition of a
depreciable capital asset, are added to or deducted from the cost of
the asset and are depreciated over the remaining useful life of the
asset, and in other cases are accumulated in a Foreign currency
Monetary item Translation Difference Account in the company''s
financial statements and amortised Account in the company''s financial
statements and amortised over the balance period of such long term
asset/liability but not beyond accounting period ending on or before
31st March, 2020.
iv) Premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward
exchange contract is amortised as income or expense over the period of
the contract. Any profit or loss arising in renewal or cancellation of
forward exchange contracts is recognised as income or expense during
v) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on
settlement or on translation is recognised in the Statement of Profit
vi) Losses in respect of all outstanding derivative contracts at the
balance sheet date is provided by marking them to market.
M) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :
Provisions are recognised when the company has a present obligation as
a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of
resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the
obligation and a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of the
Contingent Liabilities are disclosed by way of notes to financial
Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial
Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed
at each balance sheet date.
N) CONTINGENCIES AND EVENTS OCCURRING AFTER THE BALANCE SHEET DATE :
All contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date
which have a material effect on the financial position of the company
are considered for preparing the financial statements.
O) ACCOUNTING FOR GOVERNMENT GRANTS :
i) Government grants in the form of promoters contribution is treated
as capital receipt and credited to capital reserve.
ii) Grant in the form of revenue subsidy is treated as revenue receipt
and credited to Income from Operation in Statement of Profit and
Loss. However, from 2007-08, specific grants (e.g.Transport subsidy
from APEDA) is deducted from the freight expenses.
iii) Grant towards specific fixed assets was presented as deduction
from its gross value up to 31.03.2005 and there after the same is
presented by credit to Deferred Government grant and amortised over the
period of useful life of specific fixed assets.
P) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES :
Expenditure relating to capital items is debited to Fixed Assets and
depreciated at applicable rates. Revenue expenditure is charged to
Statement of Profit and Loss of the period in which they are incurred.
Q) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :
Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement
comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an
original maturity of three months or less.
R) DISCLOSURE OF EBITDA :
As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the
Companies Act 1956, the Company has elected to present earning before
interest,tax,depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line
item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company
measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing
operations. In its measurement , the company does not include
depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.
2) The Working Capital facilities are also secured by way of
hypothecation on entire current assets of the Company on 1st pari-passu
B Working Capital facilities are also secured by Personal Guarantee of
some of the Directors of the Company and also guaranteed by Three
C The cash credit and working capital demand loan is repayable on
demand and carries interest @ 13.50 % to 15.75 %
D Loans and Advances from Related Parties are repayable on demand and
carry interest @ 10.50 %
E inter corporate deposits are repayable between 60 days to 90 days and
carry Interest @ 13.75 % to 14.75 %