1. GENERAL :
The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost
convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.
Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are
consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards
prescribed by the Companies [Accounting Standards] Rules, 2006 to the
All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable
certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.
2. USE OF ESTIMATES :
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally
Accepted Accounting Principles [GAAP] requires management to make
estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets,
liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date
of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses
for that year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any
revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.
3. Fixed ASSETS :
[a] Leasehold Land, Buildings, Plant and Machinery and Electrical
Installations are stated at revalued amounts less depreciation.
[b] Other Assets are stated at cost less depreciation.
4. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :
In accordance with AS-28 on ''Impairment of Assets'' issued by the
Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, where there is an
indication of impairment of the Company''s assets related to cash
generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at
each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment.
The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its
net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is
recognized whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its
recoverable amount. Impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of
Profit and Loss.
5. INVESTMENTS :
Long term investments are stated at cost.
6. VALUATION OF INVENTORIES :
[a] Inventories are valued at the lower of the cost and net realizable
value. Cost is assigned on FIFO basis. Obsolete, defective and
unserviceable stocks are provided for.
[b] Finished goods and work-in-process include cost of conversion and
other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present
location and condition excluding aluminum scrap which is valued at
[c] Dies being a specialized item [included in stores & spares
inventories] are valued on the basis of valuation of such stocks at the
year end carried out by a government approved valuer considering its
residual useful life and replacement value.
7. DEPRECIATION/AMORTISATION :
[a] Value of Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of lease i.e.
[b] On vehicles, Furniture and Fixtures and Office Equipments,
depreciation is provided on written down value method at the rate and
in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.
[c] On Buildings, Plant and Machinery and Electrical Installation,
depreciation is provided on straight line method in the manner referred
in the note [d] below:
[i] in respect of assets acquired up to April 01, 1987, depreciation has
been provided at the rate corresponding to the rate applicable under
the Income Tax Rules as in force at the time of acquisition of such
[ii] in respect of addition/deletions made on or after April 02, 1987,
at the rate and in the manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the
Companies Act, 1956.
[iii] in respect of addition made by way of revaluation of certain
fixed assets, on the basis of future estimated life to this assets.
8. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME :
[a] Provision for Income Tax is made on the basis of the estimated
taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the
Income Tax Act, 1961.
[b] Provision for Fringe Benefit Tax has been made in respect of
employee benefits and other specified expenses as determined under the
Income Tax Act, 1961.
[c] Deferred tax resulting from timing difference between book and tax
profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current
rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to
reverse. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only if
there is a reasonable certainty that they will be realized and are
reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at
each Balance Sheet date. Credit Entitlement in respect of Minimum
Alternate Tax [MAT] is considered on management estimation of regular
taxation in future.
9. SALES AND OTHER OPERATING INCOME :
Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and
rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are
inclusive of packing charges recovered and conversion job income is
accounted for on the completion of the job.
10. TRANSLATION OF FOREIGN CURRENCY :
[a] Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate of
exchange in force at the date of transaction.
[b] Foreign currency assets and liabilities except those for
acquisition of fixed assets as at the end of the year are translated at
the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet and
resultant gains/losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and
[c] Foreign currency liability relating to acquisition of fixed assets
is stated at the prevailing rate of exchange at the year end and the
resultant gains/losses are adjusted to the cost of assets.
11. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :
[a] Contributions towards provident fund are made under defined
contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. The
provident fund plan is operated by the Regional Provident Fund
Commissioner. The contributions are charged to Profit and Loss account
in the respective year.
[b] Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is a
defined benefit obligation which is not funded and is provided for on
the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial
[c] Short term compensated absences are provided for based on
estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on
actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.
[d] Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Statement of Profit
and Loss and are not deferred.
12. BORROWING COSTS :
Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition and construction of
qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset
up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other
borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.
13. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :
The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation
as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of
resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the
obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there
is a possible obligation or a present obligation that made, but
probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is
possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of
outflow resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.
14. GOVERNMENT GRANTS :
Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized if the
following conditions are satisfied :
There is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the
conditions attached to it.
Such benefits are earned and reasonable certainty exists of the
Government grants or subsidies given with reference to the total
investment in an undertaking or setting up of new industrial
undertaking is treated as capital receipt and credited to capital
reserve. The said capital reserve will not be available for
distribution of dividend nor is considered as deferred income.