1. Corporate Information
Singer India Limited (''the Company'') is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the
provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Company is engaged in the business of trading / manufacturing of
sewing products and also conducts trading in domestic appliances.
2. Significant Accounting Policies
(a) Basis of Preparation
The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted
accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply
in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013
(''the Act''), read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 201 4 and provisions of the
Act. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention
except for certain Fixed Assets which are carried at revalued amounts and ongoing concern basis.
(b) Use of Estimates
The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles
requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reporting balances of assets and
liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and
reporting amounts of income and expenditure during the year. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable
that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Actual results could differ
from such estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in the period the same is
(c) Fixed Assets (Tangible & Intangible)
Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount as the case may be), less accumulated
depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price / cost of acquisition including
taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition, construction and installation to
bring the asset to its working condition for its intended use. In case of revaluation of fixed assets, the
original cost as written up by the valuer, is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is
transferred to revaluation reserve. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to acquisition,
construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized.
Intangible fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and net of impairments, if any.
An intangible asset is recognized if it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are
attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and its cost can be measured reliably. Intangible assets
having finite useful lives are amortized on straight line basis over their estimated useful lives.
(d) Impairment of Assets
Regular review is done to determine whether there is any indication for impairment in carrying amount of
the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated based on
internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its
recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use.
In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the
weighted average cost of capital.
Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value, other than temporary, is
made in the accounts. Earnings on investments are accounted for when the right to receive payment is
Raw materials are valued at Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items
held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in
which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a First in
First out basis.
Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes
direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.
Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis.
Traded goods are valued at Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes cost of purchase and
other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost is determined
on a First in First out basis.
Goods in transit are valued at cost Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary
course of business, less estimated costs of completion to make the sale.
(g) Warranties & Returns
Product warranty and return costs are determined using reasonable estimates based on costs incurred in
the past and are provided for in the year sale is made. These includes free replacements, breakages, returns
etc. in respect of sewing machines and domestic appliances.
(h) Excise Duty
Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly, is considered for
valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory and branches and as on the Balance Sheet date.
(i) Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the
company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods including traded and
manufactured products is recognized upon passage of title to the customers, in accordance with the Sale of
Goods Act, 1930. The Company collects Sales taxes / Value added Taxes (VAT) on behalf of the Government and,
therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence they are excluded from Revenue.
Interest income is recognized on time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the
rate applicable and is stated at gross. Export incentives are accounted on accrual basis.
(j) Depreciation / Amortization
i) Tangible Assets
a) Depreciation on the tangible fixed assets is provided on straight line method based on the useful life
of the assets as estimated by the management. The estimate of the useful life of the assets has been assessed
based on internal evaluation/ technical advice which considered the nature of the asset, expected physical
wear and tear, the operating conditions of the asset etc. The useful lives of following assets; furniture &
fittings, plant and machinery and office equipment, are depreciated over estimated useful lives of 5 years,
4-15 years & 2-5 years respectively which are lower than those indicated in Schedule II. The Company has used
the following lives to provide depreciation on its fixed assets (except building as mentioned in para (b)
b) The buildings are depreciated equally over the balance useful life ascertained by independent
technical expert, which ranges between 41 years and 52 years as on 1st July, 2014 after considering the
structural condition etc. The management believes that the balance useful lives so assessed best represent
the periods over which the buildings are expected to be in use.
c) Leasehold land is amortized over the lease period.
d) In case of leasehold land and building which were revalued in the past, the additional depreciation
on the increased value of the assets due to revaluation is debited to Statement of Profit & Loss and
equivalent amount is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to General Reserve.
e) Depreciation on fixed assets added/ disposed off during the year is provided on pro-rata basis with
reference to the month of addition/ disposal.
f) In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the
assets over its remaining useful life.
ii) Intangible Assets
Computer software is amortized over a period of thirty six months on the straight line method.
Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the
leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in
the Statement of Profit & Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
(l) Foreign currency transactions
Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency
amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the
Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items, which are
carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate
at the date of the transaction.
Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary
items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in
previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.
(m) Employees Benefits
Short Term Employee Benefit is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year
in which related service is rendered. Post employment and other Long Term Employee Benefits are provided in
the Accounts in the following manner:
i) Gratuity: Maintained as a defined benefit retirement plan and contribution is made to the Life
Insurance Corporation of India, as per the Company''s Scheme. Provision / write back, if any is made on the
basis of the present value of the liability as at the Balance Sheet date determined by actuarial valuation
following projected Unit Credit Method and is treated as liability.
ii) Leave Encashment: As per independent actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date following
projected Unit Credit Method in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard AS-15 on ''Employee
Benefit'' is included in provisions.
iii) Provident Fund: Liability on account of Provident Fund (Pension) for employees is a defined
contribution wherever contributions are made to a fund administered by Government Provident Fund
For employees, Provident Fund administered by a Recognized Trust, is a Defined Benefit Plan (DBP) wherein
the employee and the Company make monthly contributions. Pending the issuance of Guidance Note from the
Actuarial Society of India, actuarial valuation is not carried out and the Company provides for required
liability at year end, in respect of the shortfall, if any, upon confirmation from the Trustees of such
(n) Research and development
Research and development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss in the
year in which they are incurred.
(o) Taxes on Income
Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected
to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act,1961.Deferred income taxes
reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the
year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.
Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the
balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty
that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be
realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all
deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that
they can be realized against future taxable profits.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The company writes
down the carrying amount of the deferred tax assets to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or
virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which
deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable
certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is accounted for in accordance with tax laws which give rise to future
economic benefits in the form of tax credits against which future income tax liability is adjusted and is
recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet.
(p) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets
A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is
probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a
reliable estimate can be made.
Provisions made in terms of Accounting Standard-29, are not discounted to its present value and are
determined based on the management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.
These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.
A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be
confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of
the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of
resources will be required to settle the obligation. The company does not recognize a contingent liability
but discloses its existence in the financial statements.
Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.
(q) Earnings per share
Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity
shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.
(r) Events after the Balance Sheet date
Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet which affect the financial position to a material
extent are taken into cognizance.
(s) Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and
fixed deposits with maturity of three months or less.