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Simplex Projects

BSE: 532877|NSE: SIMPLEX|ISIN: INE898F01018|SECTOR: Construction & Contracting - Civil
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Mar 15
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '16

1 Corporate information

Simplex Projects Limited (the company) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India. The Company is primarily engaged in Engineering and Construction activities in India and abroad and started trading in commodities in India. The Company focuses on construction of Bridges for Railways, Industrial Projects, Urban Infrastructure and Automated Parking projects.

2 DISCLOSURE OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES FORMING PART OF THE ACCOUNTS AS AT 31ST MARCH, 2016

2.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (GAAP) and comply with Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

2.3 Fixed Assets

Tangible assets are valued at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Assets acquired under Hire Purchase arrangements are recorded at their cash values and the finance charges are charged to Profit and Loss Account as accrued. Small second hand assets acquired at sites for the use of employees are charged to revenue.

2.4 Depreciation

In respect of Fixed Assets acquired during the year, depreciation is charged on a straight line basis so as to write off the cost of the assets over the useful lives and for the assets acquired prior to April 1, 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life based on an evaluation.

2.5 Impairment of Assets

The carrying cost of assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of assets. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use.

2.6 Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

2.7 Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost. Current investments are stated lower of cost or fair market value. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

2.8 Revenue Recognition:

a) Revenue is accounted for following “Percentage of Completion” method of accounting in respect of the Construction Contracts. The stage of completion determined on the basis of physical proportion of the contract work. Extra work and variation in contract (as mutually agreed), to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue. Contract revenue in excess of billing has been classified as ''Unbilled revenue''. Claims on construction contracts are included based on management''s estimates of the profitability that they will result in additional revenue, they are capable of being reliably measured, there is a reasonable basis to support the claim and that such claims would be admitted either wholly or in part.

b) Share of Profit / Loss from joint ventures is accounted for in respect of the financial year of the venture, ending on the balance sheet date, on the basis of their audited / unaudited accounts.

c) Price escalation claims and additional claims including those under arbitration are recognized as revenue when they are realized or receipts thereof are mutually settled or reasonably ascertained.

d) Site start up expenses is charged off in the year these are incurred.

e) Liabilities on account of Service Tax to the extent not reimbursable by the Clients have been charged off to the profit & loss account.

f) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

2.9 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs, attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets, are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such assets are ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the profit and loss account.

2.10 Employee Benefits

The company has adopted the Revised Accounting Standard 15 Employee benefits prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 with effect from 1st April 2007.

i) Short term benefits

Short terms employee benefits are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment benefits

Post employment benefits are charged off in the year in which the employee has rendered services. The amount charged off is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation technique. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment benefits are charged to profit and loss account.

2.11 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recognized in the reporting currency at the prevailing exchange rates on the transaction dates. Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise. Transactions completed during the year are accounted for at the then ruling rate.

Financial Statements of foreign branches are treated as non-integral operation. In translating the financial statement of foreign branches, the assets and liabilities, both monetary and non monetary, has been translated at the closing rate and income and expense items are translated at the average rate for the period. The resultant exchange differences are accumulated in Foreign Currency Translation Reserve Account.

Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset. In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account and amortized over the balance period of such long term assets/liabilities. For this purpose, the company treats a foreign monetary item as “Long-term Foreign Currency Monetary Item” if it has a term of 12 months or more at the date of its origination.

All other exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

2.12 Financial Derivatives & Hedging Transactions

Financial derivatives and hedging contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain/ loss in respect of settled contracts is recognized in the profit & loss account along with the underlying transactions.

2.13 Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred Tax liability is recognized being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

2.14 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.15 Earnings per Share

Earnings per shares are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

2.16 Cash and Bank Balances

Cash and Bank balances as indicated in the Cash Flow Statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.17 Event occurring after the Balance Sheet Date

Material events if any occurring after Balance Sheet date is taken into cognizance.

(iii) Terms/rights attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees. No dividend is proposed by the Board of Directors of the Company for the current year.

In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Term Loan from Banks are secured by Hypothecation of specific assets comprising of Plant & Machinery, Construction Equipment and Vehicles acquired out of the said Loans repayable in EMIs along with Interest ranging from 8% to 12% p.a.at a specified date for specific assets. Average tenure of each loan is 36 months.

Term Loan from Other parties are secured by Hypothecation of specific assets comprising of Plant & Machinery, Construction Equipment and Vehicles acquired out of the said Loans repayable in EMIs along with Interest ranging from 8% to 12% p.a.at a specified date for specific assets. Average tenure of each loan is 36 months.

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