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Sanghi Industries

BSE: 526521|NSE: SANGHIIND|ISIN: INE999B01013|SECTOR: Cement - Products & Building Materials
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Mar 16
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '17

A. Company Information

Sanghi Industries Limited is engaged in the manufacturing and marketing of cement and cement products in domestic and export market. The Company’s manufacturing facilities are at Sanghipuram, Gujarat. Equity shares of the Company are listed on The National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.

B. Significant accounting policies

a. Basis of preparation

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015] and other relevant provisions of the Act. These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. The date of transition to Ind AS is 1 July, 2015. An explanation of effect of transition from Indian GAAP (IGAAP) to Ind AS on Company’s Accounts is explained in Note 43.

b. Revenue recognition Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of goods. Revenue from the sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns and allowances, related discounts & incentives and volume rebates. It includes excise duty and subsidy and excludes value added tax/ sales tax.

c. Property, plant and equipment

In accordance with Ind AS 16, the Company has elected to fair value the freehold land. All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at acquisition cost of the items. Acquisition cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to getting the asset ready for intended use. Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Items of spare parts that meets the definition of ‘Property, Plant and equipment’ has to be recognized as property, plant and equipment. The depreciation on such an item of spare part will begin when the asset is available for use i.e. when it is in the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management. In case of a spare part, as it may be readily available for use, it may be depreciated from the date of purchase of the spare part.

Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. All the direct expenditure related to implementation including incidental expenditure incurred during the period of implementation of a project, till it is commissioned, is accounted as Capital work-in-progress (CWIP) and after commissioning the same is transferred/allocated to the respective item of property, plant and equipment.

Pre-operating costs, being indirect in nature, are expensed to the statement of profit and loss as and when incurred.

The present value of the expected cost for the decommissioning of an asset after its use is included in the cost of the respective asset if the recognition criteria for a provision are met.

Property, plant and equipment are eliminated from financial statement, either on disposal or when retired from active use. Losses arising in the case of retirement of property, plant and equipment are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year of occurrence.

Depreciation

Depreciation is calculated to allocate the cost of assets, net of their residual values, over their estimated useful lives. Components having value significant to the total cost of the asset and life different from that of the main asset are depreciated over its useful life. Depreciation on Property, Plant and Equipment is provided on straight line method as per useful life provided in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Cement manufacturing plant is considered as continuous process plant.

Depreciation on items of property, plant and equipment acquired/disposed off during the year is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal. Cost of lease-hold land is amortized equally over the period of lease.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

d. Impairment of non-financial assets

The Company assesses, at each reporting date, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

e. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that a company incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

f. Financial instruments

(i) Financial assets

Financial assets are measured as at amortized cost, contractual revenue receivables and lease receivables.

(ii) Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

The Company’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts. The same is recognized at fair value.

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss.

Loans and borrowings

After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the Effective Interest Rate (EIR) method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

De recognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires.

g. Taxes

Current income tax

Current income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities, based on the rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date in the country where the entity operates and generates taxable income.

Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the balance sheet approach on temporary differences at the reporting date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their corresponding carrying amounts for the financial reporting purposes. The carrying amount and unrecognized deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

MAT credit asset is recognized and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period. Deferred tax asset on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses is recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence.

h. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Raw materials cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. For finished goods and work-in-progress, cost includes cost of direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity, but excluding borrowing costs. Items of spare parts that does not meet the definition of ‘property, plant and equipment are recognized as a part of inventories.

i. Employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering services are classified as short term employee benefits. Post-employment and other employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the present value of the amount payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and loss in respect of postemployment and other long term benefits are charged to the statement of other comprehensive income.

j. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalent in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks and on hand and short-term deposits.

k. Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Commitments:

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of such events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation arising out of such event. Provisions, contingent liabilities and commitments are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

l. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

m. Use of estimates and judgments

The presentation of the financial statements are in conformity with the Ind AS which requires the management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimates and assumptions are based on management’s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. The actual outcome may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to the accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

n. Statement of cash flows

Cash flow are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals of accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and finance activities of the Company are segregated.

o. Current and Non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current/ Non-current classification. An asset is treated as current when it is:

1. Expected to be realized or intended to be sold or consumed in normal operating cycle;

2. Held primarily for the purpose of trading;

3. Expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting period, or

4. Cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other assets are classified as Non-current.

A liability is current when:

1. It is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle;

2. It is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

3. It is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

4. There is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other liabilities are classified as Non-current.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as Non-current assets and liabilities.

The operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents. The company has identified twelve months as its operating cycle.

Foreign currency translation

The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR), which is company’s functional and presentation currency. Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded at the respective currency spot rates at the date the transaction first qualifies for recognition. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the foreign currency spot rates of exchange at the reporting date.

Exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items are recognized in profit or loss unless otherwise disclosed.

p. Exceptional items

Certain occasions, the size, type or incidence of an item of income or expense, pertaining to the ordinary activities of the Company is such that its disclosure improves the understanding of the performance of the Company, such income or expense is classified as an exceptional item and accordingly, disclosed in the notes accompanying to the financial statements.

q. Rounding off

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest crores as per the requirements of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.

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