a) Change in accounting policies
Presentation and disclosure of financial statements
During the year ended 31st March, 2012 the revised schedule Vi notified
under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company,
for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The
Company has reclassified the previous year''s figures in accordance with
the requirements applicable in the current year.
b) Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with indian GAAP
requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions
that affect the reported amount of revenues, expenses, assets and
liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of
the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the
management''s best knowledge of current events and actions,
uncertainties about these assumptions and estimates could result in the
outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of
assets or liabilities in future period.
c) Tangible Fixed Assets
Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (net of recoverable
taxes and Government grants wherever availed) or construction or other
amounts substituted for historical costs on revaluation less
accumulated depreciation. Expenses capitalized also include applicable
d) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets
a. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight Line
Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XiV to
the Companies Act, 1956.
b. All individual items of fixed assets, where the actual cost does
not exceed Rs. 5,000 each have been written off entirely in the year of
e) Intangible assets
intangible assets are stated at cost of acqusition (net of recoverable
taxes) less accumulated amortization/depletion. All costs, including
finance cost till commencement of commercial production, net charges on
foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate
variations attributable to the intangible assets are capitalized.
intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the
estimated useful economic life. All intangible assets are assessed for
impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset
may be impaired.
f) Borrowing cost
Borrowing costs include interest, amortization of ancillary costs
incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange
differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they
are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Borrowing costs
directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of
an asset that necessary takes a substantial period of time to get ready
for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the
respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period
g) Impairment of assets
An asset is treated as impaired when carrying cost of asset exceed its
recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the statement of
Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as
impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is
reversed if there has been change in estimate of recoverable amount.
Long-term investments are stated at cost, less any provision for
permanent diminution in value. Current investments are stated at lower
of cost and fair value.
1. Raw Material, stores and spares are valued at cost on Weighted
2. Work-in-Progress is Valued at Cost representing materials, Labour
and apportioned overheads.
3. scrap is Valued at Net Realizable Value.
Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary
course of business, less estimated cost of completion and estimated
costs necessary to make the sale.
j) Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic
benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably
measured. The following specific criteria must also be met before
revenue is recognized:
Sale of goods
Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks
and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer,
usually on the dispatch of goods.
interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into
account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.
interest income is included under the head other income in the
statement of Profit and Loss.
Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive
dividend is estimated by the reporting date.
k) Employee benefits
(i) short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the
statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related service
(ii) Post employment and other long-term employee benefits are
recognized as an expense in the statement of Profit and Loss for the
year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is
recognized at the present value of amount payable determined using
actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect
of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the
statement of Profit and Loss.
l) Foreign currency transactions
Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates
prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary
assets & liabilities are restated at year end exchange rates. Exchange
differences arising on the settlement of foreign currency monetary
items or on reporting Company''s foreign currency monetary items at
rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during
the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are
recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.
m) Retirement and other employee benefits
The Company has booked gratuity and leave encashment as per actuarial
valuation as on 31st March, 2012 as per As 15(Revised).
n) Income tax
Provision for tax for the year comprises current income tax determined
to be payable in respect of taxable income and deferred tax, being the
tax effect of timing difference, representing the difference between
taxable income and accounting income that originates in one period and
are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). The rates
and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or
substantively enacted, at the reporting date.
Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing
differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing
difference only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that
sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such
deferred tax assets can be realized.
o) Earning per share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or
loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted
average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net
profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and
weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are
adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
p) Provision, Contingent Assets and Contingent liabilities
Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement
are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past
events and it is probable that there will be outflow of resources.
Contingent liabilities are not recognized but disclosed in notes to
accounts. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the
q) Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalent for the purpose of cash flow statement
comprise cash at bank and in hand.
r) Measurement of EBITDA
As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised schedule Vi to the
companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earning before
interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBiTDA) as a separate
line item on the face of the statement of Profit and Loss. The Company
measures EBiTDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing
operations. in its measurement the Company does not include
depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expenses.