SENSEX NIFTY India | Accounting Policy > Power - Generation & Distribution > Accounting Policy followed by Power Grid Corporation of India - BSE: 532898, NSE: POWERGRID

Power Grid Corporation of India

BSE: 532898|NSE: POWERGRID|ISIN: INE752E01010|SECTOR: Power - Generation & Distribution
Aug 16, 16:00
-1.8 (-0.81%)
VOLUME 59,931
Aug 16, 15:59
-2.05 (-0.92%)
VOLUME 2,937,370
Mar 15
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '16
 The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis of accounting
 under the historical cost convention, in accordance with generally
 accepted accounting principles in India, the relevant provisions of the
 Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent notified), the Companies Act, 1956
 (to the extent applicable) including Accounting Standards notified
 there under and the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003 to the
 extent applicable.
 The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and
 assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities,
 revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Although, such
 estimates and assumptions are made on a reasonable and prudent basis
 taking into account all available information, actual results could
 differ from these estimates and assumptions and such differences are
 recognized in the period in which the results are crystallized.
 Self insurance reserve is created @ 0.1% p.a. on Gross Block of Fixed
 Assets (except assets covered under mega insurance policy) as at the
 end of the year by appropriating current year profit towards future
 losses which may arise from un-insured risks. The same is shown as
 Self insurance reserve under ''Reserves & Surplus''.
 1.4.1 Grants-in-aid received from Central Government or other
 authorities towards capital expenditure for projects, betterment of
 transmission systems and specific depreciable assets are shown as
 grants-in-aid till the utilization of grant.
 1.4.2 On capitalization of related assets, grants received for specific
 depreciable assets are treated as deferred income and recognized in the
 Statement of Profit and Loss over the useful life of related asset and
 in proportion to which depreciation on these assets is provided.
 Certain expenses and income, allowed under CERC regulations to be
 reimbursed/passed on by/to from beneficiaries in future, are to be
 accounted in the statement of Profit and Loss as per the provisions of
 accounting standards and practices. Such expenses and income, to the
 extent allowable/payable under CERC regulations, are treated as
 regulated assets and liabilities.
 The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with
 the accounting policies of the company. Segment revenue, segment
 expenses, segment asset and liabilities are identified on the basis of
 their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue,
 expenses, assets and liabilities which relates to the company as a
 whole and not allocable to segment on reasonable basis are included
 under unallocated revenue/expenses/assets/liabilities.
 Cash Flow statement is prepared in accordance with the indirect method
 prescribed in the relevant Accounting Standard.
 1.8.1 Fixed assets are shown at historical cost comprising of purchase
 price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working
 condition for its intended use less accumulated
 1.8.2 In the case of commissioned assets, deposit works/cost- plus
 contracts where final settlement of bills with contractors is yet to be
 effected, capitalization is done on provisional basis subject to
 necessary adjustments in the year of final settlement.
 1.8.3 Assets and systems common to more than one transmission system
 are capitalized on the basis of technical estimates/ assessments.
 1.8.4 Transmission system assets are considered when they are ''Ready
 for intended use'', for the purpose of capitalization, after test
 charging/successful commissioning of the systems/assets and on
 completion of stabilization period wherever technically required.
 1.8.5 The cost of land includes provisional deposits,
 payments/liabilities towards compensation, rehabilitation and other
 expenses wherever possession of land is taken.
 1.8.6 Expenditure on leveling, clearing and grading of land is
 capitalized as part of cost of the related buildings.
 1.8.7 Insurance spares, which can be used only in connection with an
 item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be at irregular
 intervals and Mandatory spares in the nature of sub-station equipments
 /capital spares i.e. stand-by/service/rotational equipment and unit
 assemblies, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful
 life of the related plant & machinery. In case the year of purchase and
 consumption is same, amount of such spares are charged to revenue.
 1.9.1 Cost of material consumed and erection charges thereon along with
 other related expenses incurred for the projects are shown as CWIP till
 the date of capitalization.
 1.9.2 Cost of material for construction of Substation (including HVDC)
 is being transferred to Capital Work in Progress during the progress of
 erection work.
 1.9.3 Expenditure of Corporate office, Regional Offices and Projects,
 attributable to construction of fixed assets are identified and
 allocated on a systematic basis to the cost of the related assets.
 1.9.4 Interest during construction and expenditure (net) allocated to
 construction as per policy No. 1.9.3 above (allocated to the projects
 on prorate basis to their capital expenditure), are apportioned to
 capital work in progress (CWIP) on the closing balance of specific
 asset or part of asset being capitalized. Balance, if any, left after
 such capitalization is kept as a separate item under the CWIP Schedule.
 1.9.5 Deposit works/cost-plus contracts are accounted for on the basis
 of statement received from the contractors or technical assessment of
 work completed.
 1.9.6 Unsettled liability for price variation/ exchange rate variation
 in case of contracts are accounted for on estimated basis as per terms
 of the contracts.
 1.10.1 The cost of software (which is not an integral part of the
 related hardware) acquired for internal use and resulting in
 significant future economic benefits, is recognized as an intangible
 assets in the books of accounts when the same is ready for its use.
 1.10.2 Afforestation charges paid for acquiring right-of-way for laying
 transmission lines are accounted for as intangible assets and same are
 amortized over the period of thirty five years following the rates and
 methodology notified by Central Electricity Regulatory Commission
 (CERC) Tariff Regulation.
 1.10.3 Expenditure incurred, eligible for capitalization under the head
 Intangible Assets, are carried as Intangible Assets under Development
 where such assets are not yet ready for their intended use.
 1.10.4 Expenditure incurred on the development of new technology is
 kept under Intangible assets under development till its completion.
 After satisfactory completion of development stage, the expenditure
 kept under as Intangible Assets to be included in the project cost of
 new assets.
 Construction stores are valued at cost.
 1.12.1 All the borrowed funds (except short term funds for working
 capital) are earmarked to specific projects. The borrowing costs
 (including bond issue expenses, interest, discount on bonds, front end
 fee, guarantee fee, management fee etc.) are allocated to the projects
 in proportion to the funds so earmarked.
 1.12.2 The borrowing costs so allocated are capitalised or charged to
 revenue, based on whether the project is under construction or in
 1.13.1 Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded at the
 exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency
 monetary items are translated with reference to the rates of exchange
 ruling on the date of the Balance Sheet. Non-monetary items denominated
 in foreign currency are reported at the exchange rate ruling on the
 date of transaction.
 1.13.2 Foreign Exchange Rate Variation (FERV) arising on settlement /
 translation of foreign currency loans relating to fixed assets/ capital
 work-in-progress are adjusted to the carrying cost of related assets.
 1.13.3 FERV accounted for as per policy no 1.13.2 is
 recoverable/payable from the beneficiaries on actual payment basis as
 per Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) norms w.e.f. 1st
 April, 2004 or Date of Commercial Operation (DOCO) which ever is later.
 The above FERV to the extent recoverable or payable as per the CERC
 norms is accounted for as follows:
 a) FERV recoverable/payable adjusted to carrying cost of fixed assets
 is accounted for as ''Deferred foreign currency fluctuation
 asset/liability a/c'' with a corresponding credit/debit to ''Deferred
 income/expenditure from foreign currency fluctuation a/c''.
 b) ''Deferred income/expenditure from foreign currency fluctuation a/c''
 is amortized in the proportion in which depreciation is charged on such
 c) The amount recoverable/payable as per CERC norms on year to year
 basis is adjusted to the ''Deferred foreign currency fluctuation
 asset/liability a/c'' with corresponding debit / credit to the trade
 1.13.4 FERV earlier charged to Statement of Profit and Loss & included
 in the capital cost for the purpose of tariff is adjusted against
 ''Deferred foreign currency fluctuation asset/liability a/c'' in the
 following manner:
 i) Depreciation component of transmission charges (being 90% of such
 FERV) is adjusted against Deferred foreign currency fluctuation
 asset/liability a/c in the transmission charges.
 ii) Balance 10% of Deferred foreign currency fluctuation
 asset/liability a/c is amortised over the tenure of respective loans.
 1.13.5 FERV arising out of settlement/translation of long term monetary
 items (other than foreign currency loans) relating to fixed assets/
 CWIP are adjusted in the carrying cost of related assets.
 1.13.6 FERV arising during the construction period from
 settlement/translation of monetary items denominated in foreign
 currency (other than long term) to the extent recoverable/payable to
 the beneficiaries as capital cost as per CERC tariff Regulation are
 accounted as ''Deferred foreign currency fluctuation asset/liability
 a/c''. Transmission charges recognised on such amount is adjusted
 against above account.
 1.13.7 Other exchange differences are recognized as income or expenses
 in the period in which they arise.
 1.14.1 Current investments are valued at lower of cost and market value
 determined on an individual investment basis.
 1.14.2 Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for
 diminution other than temporary, in the value of such investments.
 1.15.1.  Inventories are valued at lower of the cost, determined on
 weighted average basis and net realizable value.
 1.15.2 Steel scrap and conductor scrap are valued at estimated
 realizable value or book value, whichever is less.
 1.15.3 Mandatory spares of consumable nature and transmission line
 items are treated as inventory after commissioning of the system.
 1.15.4 Surplus materials as determined by the management are held for
 intended use and are included in the inventory.
 1.15.5 The diminution in the value of obsolete, unserviceable and
 surplus stores and spares is ascertained on review and provided for.
 1.16.1 Transmission Income is accounted for based on tariff orders
 notified by the CERC. In case of transmission projects where final
 tariff orders are yet to be notified, transmission income is accounted
 for as per tariff norms and other amendments notified by the CERC in
 similar cases. Difference, if any, is adjusted based on issuance of
 final notification of tariff orders by the CERC. Transmission Income in
 respect of additional capital expenditure incurred after the date of
 commercial operation is accounted for based on actual expenditure
 incurred on year to year basis as per tariff norms of the CERC.  1.16.2
 The Transmission system Incentive / disincentive is accounted for based
 on certification of availability by the respective Regional Power
 Committees and in accordance with the norms notified / approved by the
 CERC. Advance against depreciation (AAD), forming part of tariff
 pertaining upto the block period 2004-09, to facilitate repayment of
 loans, is reduced from transmission income and considered as deferred
 income to be included in transmission income in subsequent years. The outstanding deferred income in respect of AAD is
 recognized as transmission income, after twelve years from the end of
 the financial year in which the asset was commissioned, to the extent
 depreciation recovered in the tariff during the year is lower than
 depreciation charged in the accounts.
 1.16.4 Surcharge recoverable from trade receivables and liquidated
 damages / warranty claims / interest on advances to suppliers are
 recognized when no significant uncertainty as to measurability and
 collectability exists.
 1.16.5 Income from Telecom Services are accounted for on the basis of
 terms of agreements/ purchase orders from the customers.
 1.16.6 Income from sole consultancy contracts are accounted for on
 technical assessment of progress of services rendered.
 1.16.7 In respect of ''Cost-plus-consultancy contracts'', involving
 execution on behalf of the client, income is accounted for (wherever
 initial advances received) in phased manner as under:
 a) 10% on the issue of Notice Inviting Tender for execution
 b) 5% on the Award of Contracts for execution
 c) Balance 85% on the basis of actual progress of work including
 1.16.8 Income from Sale of Goods is recognized on the transfer of
 significant risks and reward of ownership to the buyer.
 1.16.9 Application Fees received on account of Long Term Open Access
 (LTOA) Charges is accounted for as and when received in accordance with
 CERC Guidelines.
 1.16.10 Scrap other than steel scrap & conductor scrap are accounted
 for as and when sold.
 1.16.11 Dividend income is recognized when right to receive payment is
 1.17.1 State sector unified load dispatch centre (ULDC)/ Fiber Optic
 Communication Assets (FOC) assets leased to the beneficiaries are
 considered as Finance Lease. Net investment in such leased assets along
 with accretion in subsequent years is accounted for as Lease
 Receivables under Long Term Loans & Advances. Wherever grant-in-aid is
 received for construction of State Sector ULDC, lease receivable is
 accounted for net of such grant.
 1.17.2 Finance income on leased assets are recognised based on a
 pattern reflecting a constant periodic rate of return on the net
 investment as per the tariff notified/to be notified by the CERC.
 1.17.3 FERV on foreign currency loans relating to leased assets is
 adjusted to the amount of lease receivables and is amortised over the
 remaining tenure of lease. FERV recovery (as per CERC norms) from the
 constituents is recognised net of such amortised amount.
 1.18.1 Depreciation / amortization on the assets related to
 transmission business is provided on straight line method following the
 rates and methodology notified by the CERC for the purpose of recovery
 of tariff.
 1.18.2 ULDC assets commissioned prior to 1st April 2014 are depreciated
 on Straight Line Method @ 6.67% per annum. Such assets commissioned on
 or after 1st April 2014 is provided on straight line method following
 the rates and methodology notified by the CERC for the purpose of
 recovery of tariff.
 1.18.3 Depreciation on assets of telecom and consultancy business is
 provided for on straight line method as per useful life specified in
 Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.
 1.18.4 Depreciation on following assets is provided based on estimated
 useful life as evaluated by the management.
 a.  Computers & Peripherals I 3 years
 b.  Servers & Network Components | 5 years
 Residual value of above assets is considered as Nil.
 1.18.5 Cost of Softwares capitalized as Intangible Asset is amortized
 over the period of legal right to use or 3 years, whichever is less
 with Nil residual value.
 1.18.6 Mobile phones are charged off in the year of purchase.
 1.18.7 Depreciation/ Amortization on additions to/deductions from fixed
 assets during the year is charged on pro-rata basis from/upto the date
 on which the asset is available for use/disposal
 1.18.8 Where the cost of depreciable fixed asset has undergone a change
 due to increase/decrease in long term monetary items on account of
 exchange rate fluctuation, price adjustment, change in duties or
 similar factors, the unamortized balance of such asset is depreciated
 prospectively at the rates and methodology as specified by the CERC
 Tariff Regulations, except for telecom assets where residual life is
 determined on the basis of useful life of fixed asset as specified in
 Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.
 1.18.9 Plant and machinery, loose tools and items of scientific
 appliances, included under different heads of fixed assets, costing
 Rs.5,000/- or less, or where the written down value is Rs. 5,000/- or
 less as at the beginning of the year, are charged off to revenue.
 1.18.10 Other fixed assets costing upto Rs.5,000/- are fully
 depreciated in the year of acquisition.
 1.18.11 Leasehold Land is fully amortized over 25 years or lease period
 whichever is lower in accordance with the rates and methodology
 specified in the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC)
 Tariff Regulation . Lease hold Land acquired on perpetual lease is not
 1.18.12 In the case of fixed assets of National thermal power
 corporation limited (NTPC), National hydro-electric power corporation
 limited (NHPC), North-eastern electric power corporation limited
 (NEEPCO), Neyveli lignite corporation limited (NLC) transferred w.e.f.
 April 1, 1992, Jammu and Kashmir Lines w.e.f. April 1, 1993, and Tehri
 hydro development corporation limited (THDC) w.e.f. August 1, 1993,
 depreciation is charged based on gross block as indicated in
 transferor''s books with necessary adjustments so that the life of the
 assets as laid down in the CERC notification for tariff is maintained.
 Pre-paid/prior-period expenses/Income of items up to Rs.100,000/- are
 charged to natural heads of account.
 Cash generating units as defined in Accounting Standard -28 on
 ''Impairment of Assets'' are identified at the balance sheet date with
 respect to carrying amount vis--vis recoverable amount thereof and
 impairment loss, if any, is recognised in Statement of profit & loss.
 Impairment loss, if need to be reversed subsequently, is accounted for
 in the year of reversal.
 1.21.1 Company contribution paid/payable during the year to defined
 pension contribution scheme and provident fund scheme is recognized in
 the Statement of Profit and Loss. The same is paid to a fund and
 administered through a separate trust.
 1.21.2 The liability for retirement benefits of employees in respect of
 Gratuity, is ascertained annually on actuarial valuation at the year
 end, is provided and funded separately.
 1.21.3 The liabilities for compensated absences, leave encashment, post
 retirement medical benefits, settlement allowance & long service awards
 to employees are ascertained annually on actuarial valuation at the
 year end and provided for.
 1.21.4 Short term employee benefits are recognized at the undiscounted
 amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the
 related services are rendered.
 1.21.5 Actuarial gains/losses are recognized immediately in the
 Statement of Profit & Loss.
 A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as
 a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources
 will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a
 reliable estimate can be made based on technical valuation and past
 experience. Provisions are determined based on management estimate
 required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date and are not
 discounted to its present value. No provision is recognized for
 liabilities whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable
 certainties. Such contingent liabilities are not recognized but are
 disclosed on the basis of judgment of the management / independent
 expert. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to
 reflect the current management estimate.
 Income Tax comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income taxes
 are measured at the amount expected to be paid to income tax
 authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.
 Deferred tax resulting from timing difference between accounting and
 taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and the tax laws
 enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred
 tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable
 certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available
 against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
 1.24 OTHERS
 1.24.1 Expenditure of research and development, other than Capital
 Expenditure, are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence.
 1.24.2 Capital expenditure on assets not owned by the company is
 charged off to revenue as and when incurred.
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