1. Basis of Accounting:
The financial statements have been prepared on the basis of historical
costs under the accrual system of accounting and applicable Accounting
Standards notified by the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and the
relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013
2. Valuation of Inventories:
Inventories are valued at Lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value. Cost
comprises all cost of purchase, conversion and other costs incurred in
bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The
cost is arrived at on First In First Out (FIFO) basis. Due allowance is
estimated and made for defective and obsolete items, wherever
Long Term Investments are stated at cost; where there is a decline,
other than temporary, the resultant reduction in carrying amount is
charged to the Profit and Loss Statement.
4. Fixed Assets:
a. Fixed Assets are capitalised at cost (Net of refundable duties)
inclusive of all expenses relating to the acquisition and installation
of fixed assets and include borrowing costs attributable to such
assets, upto the date the asset is put to use.
b. Fixed Assets except Freehold Land are valued at cost less
depreciation. Freehold Land is shown at its Original Cost.
c. Impairment Loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of
assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the
higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in
use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to
arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the
end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from
the sale of an asset in an arm''s length transaction between
knowledgeable, willing parties, less the costs of disposal.
5. Borrowing Costs:
Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or
construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost
of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes
substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other
borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year
in which they are incurred.
a. Except for items on which 100% depreciation rates are applicable,
depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method on pro-rata basis as
i. In respect of Fixed Assets existing as at 1st April 2014 hereinafter
referred to as effective date being date on which Schedule II of the
Companies Act 2013 came into force:
The useful life of the asset is considered as provided in Schedule II
to the Companies Act 2013. From the life of the asset as computed
above, the number of years (part of the year is considered full for
this purpose) for which the asset was in existence prior to the
effective date was reduced and balance life in years ascertained. The
net asset value as on the effective date after adjusting for residual
value was divided by the balance useful life in years of the asset and
depreciation per year is arrived at.
In respect of office unit, the useful life is considered from the year
in which the occupation certificate was issued by the relevant
authorities and not from the year of purchase.
ii. In respect of Fixed Assets acquired/constructed after 1st April
Depreciation is provided after taking into account useful lives of such
assets in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013
7. Foreign Currency Transactions:
a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the conversion rates
prevailing on the date of transactions.
b. The exchange differences arising on the settlement of transactions
are recognised as the gains or losses in the period in which they
c. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are
outstanding at the year end, are translated at the year end closing
exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in
the Profit and Loss Statement.
8. Revenue Recognition:
Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and
rewards of ownership of goods are passed to the buyer. Dividends are
recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Interest
Income is recognized on time proportion basis. Rent and service
receipts are accounted for on accrual basis in term of agreement with
parties except in cases where ultimate collection is considered
9. Employee Benefits:
a. The Company''s Contribution in respect of Provident Fund is charged
to the Profit and Loss Statement;
b. Provision for Gratuity to employees and Leave Encashment are
charged to the Profit and Loss Statement on the basis of actuarial
a. Assets Leased out are charged to depreciation as per Accounting
Standard 6 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
b. Lease Income is recognized in Profit and Loss Statement on accrual
a. In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 - Accounting for Taxes on
Income (AS-22), notified by the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the
deferred tax for timing differences is accounted for using the tax
rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the
balance sheet date.
b. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised
only on consideration of prudence.
12. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as
a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of
resources embodying economic benefits would be required to settle the
obligation, and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.
Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined
based on best estimates required to settle the obligation at the
balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date
and are adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A contingent
liability is disclosed if the possibility of an outflow of resources
embodying the economic benefits is remote or a reliable estimate of the
amount of obligation cannot be made. Contingent Assets are neither
recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.