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Man Infraconstruction

BSE: 533169|NSE: MANINFRA|ISIN: INE949H01023|SECTOR: Construction & Contracting - Civil
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Mar 15
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '16

1.1 Corporate information

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange in India. The Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

1.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, on the basis of going concern under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply, in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act), read together with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Act. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of operations and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as less than 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

Transactions and balances with values below the rounding off norm adopted by the Company have been reflected as 0.00 in the relevant notes in these financial statements.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognized prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

1.4 Tangible fixed assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, non refundable taxes, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its present location and condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

1.5 Intangible assets:

Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

1.6 Depreciation and amortization:

1.6.1 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method except with respect to Steel shuttering materials, Racks and pallets and Leasehold premises where depreciation is provided on straight line method (SLM). Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged. Useful life and residual value prescribed in Schedule II to the Act are considered for computing depreciation except in the following cases :

For Moulds for Mineral Materials (included in Shuttering Materials), the residual value is considered at 31% to 52% of original cost, which is higher than the limit specified in Schedule II to the Act.

For these classes of assets, based on internal assessments and technical evaluation, the Company believes that the useful lives and residual values as given above best represent the period over which the Company expects to use these assets. Hence the useful lives and residual values for these assets are different from the useful lives and residual values as prescribed in Schedule II to the Act.

1.6.2 Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

Design charges for Shuttering Materials - amortized over expected project duration ranging from 1-2 years.

Computer software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern.

1.7 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are capitalized as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.8 Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.9 Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held as on date of investment for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.10 Inventories:

1.10.1 Inventory of construction materials is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

1.10.2 Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

1.11.1 Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

1.11.2 Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the reporting date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized as an expense immediately irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured.

1.11.3 Revenues from other contracts are recognized in terms of underlying arrangements and on rendering of services.

1.11.4 Interest and dividend income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.11.5 Accounting for Lease Income

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on Leases. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the yearend rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.13 Employee Benefits:

1.13.1 Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employees render the service. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

1.13.2 Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employees render the service.

1.13.3 Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees render service entitling them to the contributions. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund.

1.13.4 Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

1.14 Taxes on income:

Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

Deferred tax is calculated at the rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation only if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of substantive enactment of the change. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

1.15 Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.16 Provision and Contingent Liabilities / Assets :

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

1.17 Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash in hand, deposits with banks and other short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

1.18 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.

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