These accounts have been prepared under historical cost convention in
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions
of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Accounting Standards notified in
Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, to the extent applicable.
ii) Fixed Assets
a. Fixed Assets are stated at cost less Depreciation. Interest and
other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition
of capital assets are capitalised till the start of commercial
b. All pre-operative and trial run expenditure (net of realisation, if
any) are capitalised.
c. Projects under commissioning and other Capital Work in Progress are
carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses
and interest on borrowings made for the purpose of acquisition of fixed
iii) Intangible Assets
Intangible Assets are recognised, only if it is probable that the
future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow
to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably.
The intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation
and accumulated impairment losses, if any.
iv) Depreciation and Amortisation Tangible Assets :
Depreciation is provided on straight line method, except for the assets
of Vapi, Dongari and Masat units for which depreciation is provided on
written down value method, at the rates and in the manner prescribed
under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except :
a. Block, dies & moulds (other than high-end moulds) are depreciated @
95% in the year of purchase itself on pro- rate basis.
b. Lease hold land is amortised over the period of lease.
Intangible Assets :
a. Goodwill - Consequent to the scheme of arrangement being accounted
for under Purchase Method by adopting book value method, the cost
representing goodwill recognised is being amortised to Statement of
Profit & Loss over, the estimated useful life of five years. As per the
terms of the scheme equivalent amount of such amortisation is
transferred from General Reserve.
The estimated useful life of Goodwill is reviewed by the management
periodically and changes there in are taken cognigence of, by
accelerating or decelerating the pace of amortisation.
b. Trade Marks and other Intangible assets are amortised over a period
not exceeding 10 years.
c. Software is depreciated @ 16.21% on Straight Line Method.
Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are
stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value
of long term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to
Statement of Profit & Loss.
The inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is
lower except for work in progress and advertising material which are
valued at cost. The Cost is calculated on weighted average method. Cost
comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in
bringing such inventories to its location and includes, where
applicable, appropriate overheads based on normal level of activity.
vii) Research & Development
Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged against the
Profit for the year.
viii) Retirement benefits
a. The Company makes contributions towards provident fund and
superannuation fund to the regulatory authorities to a defined
contribution retirement benefit plan for qualifying employees, where
the Company has no further obligations. Both the employees and the
Company make monthly contributions to the Provident Fund Plan equal to
a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary.
In Vapi, Dongari and Masat Units the superannuation fund is
administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LICI). Under
the plan, the Company is required to contribute a specified amount to
the retirement benefit plan to fund the benefits.
In respect of certain employees ,provident fund contributions are made
to a Trust administered by the Company. The Company''s liability is
actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the
end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the
Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial
losses/gains are recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss in the
year in which they arise.
b. Provision for Leave encashment and Gratuity is made on the basis of
actuarial valuation as at the year end as per the requirements of
Accounting Standard -15 (revised 2005) on “Employee Benefits”.
c. The Company has defined benefit plan comprising of Gratuity fund
with Life Insurance Corporation of India. In Vapi, Dongari and Masat
units the Leave Fund is with Life Insurance Corporation of India.
d. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the
effect of changes in the actuarial assumptions are recognised
immediately in the Profit and Loss Account as income or expense.
ix) Voluntary Retirement Scheme
Expenditure incurred on voluntary retirement scheme is charged to
profit in the year in which it is incurred.
Sales includes duty drawback, license premium on exports, Sales Tax and
are recorded net of Trade discounts and other rebates.
xi) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities
Provisions are recognised when the Company has a legal and constructive
obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a
cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of
the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when
the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is
probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the
obligation. Provisions & Contingent Liabilities are revalued at each
Balance Sheet date.
xii) Government Grants
Grants and subsidies from the government are recognised when there is
reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all
attaching conditions will be complied with.
When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is recognised
as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic
basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate. Where the grant
or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at
the carrying amount of the related asset. Government grant in the
nature of promoters'' contribution is credited to the capital subsidy
xiii) Revenue Recognition
Income & expenditure are recognised on accrual basis.
xiv) Foreign Currency Transactions
a. Forward Exchange Contract - The premium or discount arising at the
inception of forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an asset
/ liability, is amortised as expense or income over the life of the
contract. Exchange differences on such a contract are recognised in the
statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the
exchange rate change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or
renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognised as income or
as expenses for the period.
Transactions other than those covered by forward contracts are
recognised at the exchange rate prevailing on date of transaction.
Gains & losses arising on account of realisation are accounted for in
Statement of Profit & Loss.
b. Monetary Assets & Liabilities in foreign currency that are
outstanding at the year end and not covered by forward contracts are
translated at the year end exchange rates.
c. The exchange differences arising from long term foreign currency
monetary items relating to the acquisition of a depreciable asset are
added to or deducted from the cost of the depreciable capital asset.
Other exchange differences arising from Long-Term Foreign Currency
Monetary Items are Transferred to Foreign Currency Monetary Item
Translation Difference Account to be amortised over the life of such
monetary items but not beyond March 31, 2020. Other exchange
differences are recognized as income or expenses in the Statement of
Profit & Loss.
d. In respect of foreign currency option contracts which are entered
into to hedge highly probable forecasted transactions the cost of these
contracts, if any, is expensed over the period of the contract. Any
profit or loss arising on settlement or cancellation of currency
options is recognised as income or expenses for the period in which
settlement or cancellation takes place. The effect of this currency
options contracts outstanding at the year end, in the form of
unrealised gains/ losses, is not recognised.
xv) Excise Duty
Excise duty payable on products is accounted for at the time of
despatch of goods from the factories and is included in stocks held at
the year end.
xvi) Borrowing Costs
Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or
construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost
of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A
qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of
time to get ready for its intended use.
Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes.
Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on
assessable income. Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current
year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income
for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.
Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is
virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient
future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax
assets can be realised.
xviii)Impairment of Assets
The Company identifies impairable assets at the year end in accordance
with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard 28, notified in
Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of
arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the
book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss,
when crystalises, are charged against revenues for the year. If at the
balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed
impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed
and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.
Terms/Rights attached to equity shares
The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.
1 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per
share. The company declares & pays dividend in Indian Rupees. The
dividend proposed by the board of directors is subject to the approval
of the shareholders in the ensuing annual general meeting.
In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity
shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company,
after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will
be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the