i. Basis of Accounting Policies:
The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost
convention on accrual basis in accordance with the Companies
(Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued under sub-section (3C) of
section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956.
ii. Use of Estimates:
The preparation of financial statements requires the Management of the
Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported
balance of Assets & Liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosures
relating to the contingent liabilities. The management believes that
the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are
prudent and reasonable. Future events could differ from these
estimates. Any revision of accounting estimates is recognised
prospectively in the current and future periods.
iii. Fixed Assets:
Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost of acquisition or
construction including incidental expenses related to acquisition and
installation of the concerned assets. When an asset is scrapped or
otherwise disposed of, the cost and related depreciation are removed
from the books of account and resultant profit or loss, if any, is
reflected in the Profit and Loss Account.
Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight line method as per
Section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 at the rates and in the
manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the said Act. The softwares are
an integral part of hardware and accordingly considered part of
computers. Depreciation includes Rs. 35.30 lacs being Amortisation of
Leasehold Lands and pertains to earlier years.
v. Impairment of Assets:
The Company identifies impairable fixed assets based on cash generating
unit concept at the year-end in terms of Para 5 to 13 of AS-28 issued
by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) for the purpose
of arriving at impairment loss thereon, if any, being the difference
between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets.
Impairment loss, when crystallized, is charged against revenue of the
Long term investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value, if any,
which is of a temporary nature, is not provided for.
vii. Intangible Assets:
Intangible Assets are initially measured at cost and amortized so as to
reflect the pattern in which the assets'' economic benefits are
consumed. Expenditure on acquiring trade marks is being amortized over
a period of five years.
a) Inventories comprise all costs of purchase, conversion and other
costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location
b) Raw Materials, Stores & Spare Parts, Packing Materials, Finished
Goods and Work-in-Progress are valued at lower of cost and net
c) Cost (net of input tax credit availed) of Raw Materials, Stores &
Spare Parts, Packing Materials & Finished Goods is determined on FIFO
d) Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in-Progress is determined by taking
Raw Material/Packing Material cost (net of input tax credit availed),
labour and relevant appropriate overheads.
ix. Foreign currency transactions:
Transactions in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the
exchange rate prevailing on the date on which the transactions occur.
Outstanding balances of foreign currency monetary items are reported
using the year end rates. Non-monetary items carried in terms of
historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using
the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items
which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated
in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate that existed
when the values were determined. Exchange differences arising as a
result of the above are recognised as income or expense, as the case
may be, in the profit and loss account. In respect of forward contract,
the premium or discount on these contracts is recognized as income or
expenditure, as the case may be, over the period of the contracts. Any
profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such contracts is
recognized as income or expense of the year.
x. Derivatives Instruments and Hedge Accounting:
The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuation on foreign
currency assets and forecasted cash flows denominated in foreign
currency. The Company limits the effects of foreign exchange rate
fluctuations by following established risk management policies
including the use of derivatives. The Company enters into forward
exchange and option contacts, where the counter party is a bank. The
forward contracts or options are not used for trading or speculation
In case of forward contract, the difference between the forward rate
and the exchange rate, being the premium or discount at the inception
of a forward exchange contract is recognised as income/expense over the
life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are
recognised in the profit and loss account in the reporting period in
which the rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or
renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expense
for the period.
To designate a forward contract or option as an effective hedge,
management objectively evaluates and evidences with appropriate
supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the
contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flows, attributable
to the hedged risk. To the extent, hedges are designated effective,
neither gain nor loss is recognised in the profit and loss account.
xi. Foreign operations :
The financial statements of integral foreign operations are translated
as if the transactions of the foreign operations have been those of the
Company itself. In translating the financial statements of a
non-integral foreign operation for incorporation in the financial
statements, the assets and liabilities, both monetary and non-monetary,
of the non-integral foreign operation are translated at the closing
rate; income and expense items of the non-integral foreign operation
are translated at average exchange rate prevailing during the year and
all resulting exchange differences are accumulated in a foreign
currency translation reserve until the disposal of the net investment.
On the disposal of the non-integral foreign operation, the cumulative
amount of the exchange difference which has been deferred and which
relate to the operation are recognised as income or expense in the same
period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognised.
When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation,
the transaction procedures applicable to the revised classification are
applied from the date of the change in classification.
Revenue from sales of goods is being recognized on accrual basis on
transfer of ownership to the customers. The sales are stated net of
trade discounts, excise duty, sales returns and sales taxes. Revenue
from rendering of services is recognized on completion of service.
xiii. Export Benefits / Incentives :
Benefits on account of entitlement of export incentives are recognized
as and when the right to receive the same is established.
xiv. Leases :
Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the
terms of respective lease agreements.
xv. Research and Development :
Revenue expenditure incurred on Research and Development is charged to
Profit & Loss Account in the year it is incurred.
Capital expenditure is included in the respective heads under fixed
xvi. Retirement Benefits :
a) Contributions to the Provident Fund are made at a pre-determined
rate and charged to the Profit & Loss Account.
b) Liability towards Gratuity and Leave Encashment is provided on the
basis of actuarial determination. Liability towards Superannuation is
provided in accordance with the scheme administered by Life Insurance
Corporation of India.
xvii. Borrowing Costs :
Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or
construction of an asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that
asset, up to the date such assets are ready for their intended use.
Other borrowing/ financing costs are charged to the Profit & Loss
Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax
authorities in accordance with the provisions of local Income Tax as
applicable to the financial year.
Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current year timing
differences between taxable income and accounting income of the year
and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is
measured based on the tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively
enacted at the Balance Sheet date. In case where the tax assessments
have been completed but the appeals are pending at various appeal fora,
the tax payments have been set-off against the provisions in the
Balance Sheet. Appropriate disclosures have been made towards
contingent liabilities, if any
xix. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:
A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as
a result of a past event. it is probable that an outflow of resources
will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable
estimates can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present
value and are determined based on best estimates required to settle the
obligation at the Balance Sheet date. A disclosure for a contingent
liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present
obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of
resources. Where there is a possible or present obligation in respect
of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision
or disclosure is required.