Basis of Accounting:
AU income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the
financial statements are generally recognised on accrual basis.
Material known liabilities are provided for on the basis of the
available information/estimates. However, certain claims and income
which are not ascertainable/acknowledged are not taken into account.
The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis. Accounting policies
not referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted
Presentation and disclosure of financial statements
During the year ended 31st March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified
under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for
preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The company
has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the
requirements applicable in the current year.
Use of Estimates:
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the
generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and
assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and
liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported
amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in
the period in which the results are known / materialized.
Revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the
ultimate collection will be made.
Revenue in respect of Insurance / Other Claims, etc., is recognized
only when it is admitted by the insurance / other authorities and there
is reasonable certainty that the ultimate collection will be made.
Sales includes excise duty and sales tax but excludes trade discounts.
Fixed assets and depreciation:
Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition/construction less
accumulated depreciation. The depreciation has been provided on the
written down value basis at the rates and in the manner prescribed in
Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.
Long Term Investments are shown at cost. However, when there is a
decline, other than temporary, in the value of a long term investment,
the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.
Debtors are stated at book value after making provisions for doubtful
Stocks of Raw Materials, Packing materials, Semi-finished goods,
Finished Goods and Consumables are valued at lower of cost (Net of
Cenvat & Vat credit availed) (ascertained on First-in-First-out basis)
or Net Realisable Value.
Provisions. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:
Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement
are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past
events and it is probable that there will be an out flow of resources.
Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed at their
estimated value in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized
nor disclosed in the financial statements.
Taxes on Income:
In accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-22) - Accounting for Taxes
on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,
the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax
profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that
have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet
Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to
the extent that it is more likely than not that future taxable profits
will be available against which the asset can be utilised.
Impairment of Assets:
An assets is treated as impaired when carrying cost of assets exceeds
its recoverable value. An Impairment loss is charged to the Profit &
Loss A/c. in the year in which an assets are identified as impaired.