1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Cairn India Limited (''the Company'') was incorporated in India on
August 21, 2006. The equity shares of the Company are listed in India
on the Bombay stock exchange and the National stock exchange.
The Company is primarily engaged in the business of surveying,
prospecting, drilling, exploring, acquiring, developing, producing,
maintaining, refining, storing, trading, supplying, transporting,
marketing, distributing, importing, exporting and generally dealing in
minerals, oils, petroleum, gas and related by-products and other
activities incidental to the above. As part of its business activities,
the Company also holds interests in its subsidiary companies which have
been granted rights to explore and develop oil exploration blocks in
the Indian sub-continent.
The Company is participant in various Oil and Gas blocks/fields, which
are in the nature of jointly controlled assets, granted by the
Government of India through Production Sharing Contracts (''PSC'')
entered into between the Company and Government of India and other
venture partners. The Company has interest in the following Oil & Gas
blocks / fields, which are presently under exploration phase-
2. BASIS OF PREPARATION
The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material
respects with the accounting principles generally accepted in India,
including mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies
(Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) under the historical
cost convention and on an accrual basis. The accounting policies, in
all material respects, have been consistently applied by the Company
and are consistent with those used in the previous year except for
changes in the presentation and disclosures of the financial statements
as described in note no. 41 below.
(a) Terms/ rights attached to equity shares
The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of INR
10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per
share. The dividend, if any, proposed by the Board of Directors will be
subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual
In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity
shares will be entitled to receive assets of the Company remaining
after settlement of all liabilities. The distribution will be in
proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.
a. Series A debentures are redeemable at par after 21 months from date
of allotment viz. 12 October 2010. Series B debentures are redeemable
at par after 24 months from date of allotment viz. 12 October 2010.
Series C debentures were redeemable at par after 27 months from date of
allotment viz. 12 October 2010 on which a coupon rate of 8.50 % was
applicable for the first 12 months and thereafter a market determined
floating rate subject to a minimum of 8.50 %. The Company during the
current year bought back the debentures issued under Series C, after
their offer of buy back was accepted by the debenture holders.
b. The debenture holders have a negative lien on the assets of the
Company. The Company had the option to prepay the debentures issued
under series A and B at the end of 12 months from the date of issue.
a. The Company has made equity investments in CIG Mauritius Holding
Private Limited fCMHPL'') mainly for funding the expenditure pertaining
to block SL 2007-0-001 held by Cairn Lanka Private Limited (a wholly
owned subsidiary of CMHPL). As the block is presently under exploration
phase, no diminution in value of the said investments exists at the
balance sheet date.
b. Cairn India Holdings Limited, U.K. has redeemed its preference
shares during the year at par.
The Company has a defined benefit gratuity plan for its employees.
Under the gratuity plan, every employee who has completed atleast five
years of service gets a gratuity on departure @ 15 days of last drawn
salary for each completed year of service. The gratuity plan of the
Company is an unfunded scheme.
The following tables summarize the components of net benefit expense
recognised in the statement of profit and loss and the amounts
recognised in the balance sheet for the gratuity plans.
(A) 6,714,233 options are to be vested in the following manner-
- 1/3rd of the options will vest on the day following the date on which
the equity shares have been admitted to listing on the Stock Exchanges
(''admission date''). Listing date was 9 Jan 2007.
- 1/3rd of the options will vest 18 months after the admission date.
- 1/3rd of the options will vest on achieving 30 days'' consecutive
production of over 150,000 bopd from the Rajasthan Block.
(B) 1,584,480 options are to be vested in the following manner-
- 1/2 of the options will vest on the day following the date on which
the equity shares have been admitted to listing on the Stock Exchanges.
- 1/4th of the options will vest on the date on which all major
equipment for the start-up of the Mangala field is delivered to site.
- 1/4th of the options will vest on achieving 100,000 bopd from the
CIPOP plan (including phantom options)
Options will vest (i.e., become exercisable) at the end of a
performance period which has been set by the remuneration
committee at the time of grant (although such period will not be less
than three years). However, the percentage of an option which vests on
this date will be determined by the extent to which pre-determined
performance conditions have been satisfied. Phantom options are
exercisable proportionate to the period of service rendered by the
employee subject to completion of one year.
There are no specific vesting conditions under Cl ESOP plan other than
completion of the minimum service period.
Subsequent to change in control of the Company as stated in note no 37,
the remuneration committee approved immediate vesting of all the
outstanding options under CISMP plan and prorata vesting upto 8
December 2011 of outstanding options under CIPOP plan as per the
provisions of the scheme. This does not have any material impact on
these financial statements.
Volatility is the measure of the amount by which the price has
fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate during the period. The measure
of volatility used in Black-Scholes option-pricing model is the
annualized standard deviation of the continuously compounded rates of
return on the stock over a period of time. Time to maturity /expected
life of options is the period for which the Cairn India Group expects
the options to be live. Time to maturity has been calculated as an
average of the minimum and maximum life of the options.
The Joint Ventures, in which the Company has participating interest,
have entered into operating lease for equipments and buildings. All
such leases are cancellable in nature. There are neither escalation
clauses nor any restrictions in the lease agreements. There are no
Capital commitments (net of advances)
Company''s share of Joint Ventures'' Exploration activities - INR 105,912
thousand (31 March 2011: - I NR 67,462 thousand).
Company''s share of Joint Ventures'' minimum exploration commitments as
per the production sharing contracts - INR 132,066 thousand (31 March
2011: - INR 5,945,379 thousand).
The shareholders of the Company have approved a Scheme of Arrangement
between the Company and some of its wholly owned subsidiaries, to be
effective from 1 January 2010. The Scheme of Arrangement has been
approved by the Hon''ble High Court of Madras and the Hon''ble High Court
of Bombay. However, it is pending for approval from other regulatory
authorities. Pending receipt of such approvals, no accounting impact of
the scheme has been given in these financial statements. After the
implementation of the scheme, the Company will directly own the Indian
businesses, which are currently owned by some of its wholly owned
subsidiaries and as contemplated in the scheme, any goodwill arising in
the Company pursuant to the scheme, shall be adjusted against the
securities premium account.
The primary reporting of the Company has been prepared on the basis of
business segments. The Company has only one business segment, which is
the exploration, development and production of oil and gas and operates
in a single business segment based on the nature of the products, the
risks and returns, the organisation structure and the internal
financial reporting systems. Accordingly, the figures appearing in
these financial statements relate to the Company''s single business
Secondary segmental reporting is prepared on the basis of the
geographical location of customers. The operating interests of the
Company are confined to India in terms of oil and gas blocks and
customers. Accordingly, the figures appearing in these financial
statements relate to the Company''s single geographical segment, being
operations in India.
The sale of shares of the Company by Cairn UK Holdings Limited and its
holding company, Cairn Energy Pic. to Vedanta Resources Pic. and its
subsidiaries (collectively the ''Vedanta group'') was completed on 8
December 2011 and resulted in change of control in the management of
the Company from that date.
3. The Board of Directors, subject to the approval of the
shareholders, have reappointed the Managing Director of the Company for
a period of five years w.e.f. 22 August 2011 .
In accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standard 22
''Accounting for taxes on income'', the Company would have had deferred
tax assets of INR 1,001,000 thousand (31 March 2011: INR 918,000
thousand) in respect of accumulated tax losses, INR 528,000 thousand
(31 March 2011: Nil) in respect of accumulated long term capital losses
and INR 669,000 thousand (31 March 2011 : INR 586,000 thousand) in
respect of differences in block of fixed assets/exploration assets as
per tax books and financial books. However, as the management is not
virtually certain of subsequent realization of the asset, the same has
not been recognized in these financial statements.
Details of amounts recoverable from subsidiary companies in which
directors are interested are the same as disclosed under note no 27.
The balance outstanding as at the year end is also the maximum amount
outstanding during the year in all cases except for in the case of
Cairn Energy Hydrocarbons Limited where the maximum amount outstanding
during the year was INR 31,432 thousand (31 Mar 2011: INR 31,432
thousand). No loans have been given to the subsidiaries, associates,
firms and companies, in which directors are interested.
During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified
under the Companies Act 1956, became applicable to the Company, for
preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption
of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement
principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However,
it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the
financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous
year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the