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Agro Tech Foods

BSE: 500215|NSE: ATFL|ISIN: INE209A01019|SECTOR: Edible Oils & Solvent Extraction
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Accounting Policy Year : Mar '17
  1. 1. STATEMENT ON SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements of Agro Tech Foods Limited have been prepared and presented in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises accounting standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''the Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, other pronouncements of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Act.

USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with (GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

CURRENT and NON-CURRENT CLASSIFICATION

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current.

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

a. it is expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

b. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

c. it is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date; or

d. it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Apart from the above, current assets also include the current portion of non-current financial assets. All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

a. it is expected to be settled in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

b. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

c. it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or

d. the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counter party, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Apart from the above, current liabilities also include current portion of non-current financial liabilities. All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Operating cycle

Operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents.

REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of products are transferred to customers and no significant uncertainty exist regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of the goods. Sales are stated net off sales returns, trade discounts, sales tax, value added tax and excise duty. Sales are recognized when goods are dispatched or as per the terms of contract.

Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognized on the time proportionate method.

FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Fixed assets are accounted for at cost of acquisition or construction inclusive of inward freight, duties, taxes and directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown as capital advances under long-term loans and advances and assets under installation or under construction as at the balance sheet date are shown as capital work-in-progress under fixed assets.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on the straight-line method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased/ sold during the year is proportionately charged. The Management estimates the useful lives for the other fixed assets as follows:

S. No

Nature of Assets

Useful Life

I

Buildings

(a)

Buildings (other than factory buildings)

other than RCC Frame Structure

30 Years

(b)

Factory buildings

30 Years

(c)

Fences, wells, tube wells

5 Years

II

Roads

(a)

Carpeted Roads-RCC

10 Years

III

Plant and Machinery

(a)

Plant and Machinery other than

continuous process plant

15 Years

IV

Furniture and fittings

10 Years

V

Motor Vehicles

(a)

Motor buses, motor lorries and motor cars

5 Years

VI

Office equipment

5 Years

VII (a)

Computers and data processing units

Servers and networks

5 Years

(b)

End user devices, such as, desktops,

laptops, etc

2 to 3 Years

VIII

Laboratory equipment

10 Years

IX

Electrical Installations and Equipment

10 Years

For the following class of assets based on internal assessment and technical evaluation carried out wherever necessary, the Management believes that the useful lives as given above represent the period over which Management expects to use these assets. Hence the useful lives for the below assets are different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

- Server and network - 5 Years

- Handsets - 2 Years

- Vehicles- 5 years

- Assets given to employees under a scheme- 5 years

Depreciation and amortization methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end.

Leasehold assets are amortized over a period of the lease or useful life of asset whichever is lower.

INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND AMORTISATION

Brands and computer software acquired by the Company, the value of which is not expected to diminish in the foreseeable future, are capitalized and recorded in the balance sheet as trademarks and computer software at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization. These are being amortized on straight-line method over the estimated useful life as mentioned below. Useful life of brands are determined by persuasive evidences of expected usage contributing towards the performance and significant expenditure incurred to sustain the useful life of brands. Recoverable value of such brands is assessed in each financial year.

The amortization rates are as follows:

- Brands 40 years

- Computer Software 5 to 10 years

New licenses of software including their installation costs are charged off over 10 years and the balance software including their installation costs are charged off over 5 years.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, impairment provision is created to bring down the carrying value to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the impairment provision created earlier is reversed to bring it at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

INVESTMENTS

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. However, that part of long-term investments which is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under ''current investments'' as current portion of long-term investments in consonance with the current/ non-current classification scheme of Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments. Any reductions in the carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of weighted average cost and estimated net realizable value after providing for cost of obsolescence, where necessary. Cost of inventories comprises cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. In the case of finished goods, cost comprises material, labour and applicable overhead expenses and duties including excise duty paid/payable thereon.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

Goods in transit / with third parties and at godowns are valued at cost which represents the costs incurred up to the stage at which the goods are in transit / with third parties and at godowns.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONVERSION

The transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at a standard exchange rate of the month in which the transactions take place. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts, are translated at year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Nonmonetary assets are recorded at a standard exchange rate of the month in which the transactions take place.

In respect of forward contracts, the differences between contracted exchange rates and monthly standard exchange rates are recognized as income or expense over the life of the contracts.

EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The un discounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognized as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

Gratuity which is defined benefit plan, is accrued based on an actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the balance sheet date.

Provident Fund, wherein Company provides the guarantees of a specified return on contribution are considered as defined benefit plans and are accrued based on an actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the balance sheet date.

The employees can carry-forward a portion of the un utilized accrued compensated absences and utilize it in future service periods or receive cash compensation on termination of employment. Since the compensated absences do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service and are also not expected to be utilized wholly within twelve months after the end of such period, the benefit is classified as a long-term employee benefit. The Company records an obligation for such compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The obligation is measured on the basis of independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method.

All actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss of the year.

EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option scheme are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of purchase price of the shares purchased by the ESOP Trust of the Company over the exercise price of the options is recognized as employee compensation in the statement of profit and loss.

LEASES

Leases that do not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases and recorded as expense in statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis.

EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit after tax for the year and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

INCOME-TAX EXPENSE

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Income-tax expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Current tax

The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and are written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain to be realized. The break-up of the major components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities as at balance sheet date has been arrived at after setting off deferred tax assets and liabilities where the Company has a legally enforceable right to set-off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit entitlement

Minimum Alternative Tax (''MAT'') under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 is recognized as current tax in the statement of profit and loss. The credit available under the Act in respect of MAT paid is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the year for which the MAT credit can be carried forward for set-off against the normal tax liability. MAT credit recognized as an asset is reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down to the extent the aforesaid convincing evidence no longer exists.

PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are recognized at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. The provisions are measured on an undiscounted basis. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

CASH FLOW STATEMENT

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby excess of income over expenditure before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a noncash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

a. Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares

The Company has a single class of equity shares. Accordingly, all equity shares rank equally with regard to dividends and share in the Company''s residual assets. The equity shares are entitled to receive dividend as declared from time to time. The voting rights of an equity shareholder on a poll (not on show of hands) are in proportion to its share of the paid-up equity capital of the Company. Voting rights cannot be exercised in respect of shares on which any call or other sums presently payable have not been paid. Failure to pay any amount called up on shares may lead to forfeiture of the shares. On winding up of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive the residual assets of the company, remaining after distribution of all preferential amounts in proportion to the number of equity shares held.

The amounts included above represent the best possible estimates arrived at on the basis of available information. The uncertainties and possible reimbursements are dependent on the outcome of the different legal processes which have been invoked by the Company or the claimants as the case may be and therefore cannot be predicted accurately. The Company engages reputed professional advisors to protect its interests and has been advised that it has strong legal positions against such dispute.

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